Il signor Bruschino, ossia Il figlio per azzardo (Signor Bruschino, or The Gambling Son)
is a one act operatic
farce (farsa giocosa per musica) by Gioachino Rossini
to a libretto by Giuseppe Maria Foppa
, based upon the play Le fils par hasard, ou ruse et folie
by Alissan de Chazet and E.T.M. Ourry. The opera was first performed in Venice
at the Teatro San Moisè
on January 27 1813
From 1810 to 1813, the young Rossini composed four Italian farces, beginning with La cambiale di matrimonio (Bill of Exchange of Marriage), his first opera, and ending with Il signor Bruschino. These types of short pieces were popular in Venice at the end of the 18th century and the beginning of the 19th century. The pieces were intimate, with a cast of five to eight singers, always including a pair of lovers, here Sofia and Florville, at least two comic parts, here Bruschino senior, Gaudenzio and Filiberto, and one or more minor roles, here Marianna, Bruschino junior and a policeman. The style called for much visual comedy improvised by the players, and often a compulsive linguistic ‘tic’. Here, Bruschino senior often repeats the phrase "Oh, it’s so hot!". As compared with many genres of opera, acting and comedic talent is more important relative to the required singing ability. Rossini’s farces also have a significant sentimental element.
Il signor Bruschino is forward-looking in its use of new musical effects. For example, in the overture, the second violins are instructed to tap their bows on their music stands. The lighthearted, energetic overture is one of several by Rossini to have gained considerable importance in the modern concert repertoire.
||Premiere Cast, January 27, 1813|
(Conductor: - )
|Gaudenzio, a tutor and Sofia's guardian
||Nicola De Grecis |
||Teodolinda Pontiggia |
||Luigi Raffanelli |
||Gaetano Dal Monte |
|Florville, Sofia's lover
||Tommaso Berti |
|Filiberto, an innkeeper
||Nicola Tacci |
|Marianna, a maidservant
||Carolina Nagher |
|A Police Commissioner
||Gaetano Dal Monte |
The action takes place in Gaudenzio's castle. Sofia and Florville are in love, but her guardian, Gaudenzio, opposes the match. Florville's father and Gaudenzio are old enemies. Florville's father dies, removing one barrier, but Gaudenzio has already agreed to wed Sofia to the son of his old friend, Signor Bruschino. Sofia has never met her fiancée, as they were betrothed by correspondence. On his way to meet Sofia, young Bruschino stops at a tavern, runs up an impressive bill and is detained when he is unable to pay. Seizing the opportunity, Florville pretends to be Bruschino junior so that he can marry Sofia. Complications arise when Bruschino senior arrives at Gaudenzio's house. Fortunately, however, he is eventually forced to accept Florville as his own son. In a playful trio, Florville (as Bruschino junior) begs his "father" for forgiveness, while Gaudenzio upbraids old Bruschino for his lack of fatherly sympathy.
- "Deh! tu m'assisti amore"
- Duettino - "Marianna!... Voi signore?"
- "Quanto e dolce a un'alma amnate"
- "A voi lieto ritorno, cara Sofia"
- "Ah se il colpo arrivo a fare"
- "A noi su, trasformiamoci"
- "Nel teatro del gran mondo"
- "Lasciatemi... che violenza!..."
- "Per un figlio gia pentito"
- "Impaziente son io di Saper"
- "Ah, voi condur volete... Ah, donate il caro sposo"
- "Qui convien finirla"
- "Ho la testa, o e andata via?"
- "Va tutto ben"
- "E bel nodo, che due cori"
- "Ebben, ragion, dovere"
- "E tornato Filiberto"