Despite international economic sanctions against Rhodesia, Smith consolidated white rule and declared Rhodesia a republic in 1970. His government won elections overwhelmingly in 1970 and 1974, but a fierce guerrilla war began in 1972 and intensified with neighboring Mozambique's independence. In 1977 Smith negotiated a settlement for black majority rule in which power was shared with whites, and the country was renamed Zimbabwe-Rhodesia. The settlement allowed whites to continue control of the army, economy, and legislature and also excluded the Patriotic Front (PF), which continued fighting. In 1979 the Zimbabwe-Rhodesian government was forced to negotiate with the PF and, under a new constitution (1980), Robert Mugabe, a PF leader, became prime minister of an independent Zimbabwe. Smith was relegated to leader of the opposition. His party disintegrated, and he retired in 1988, later living in self-imposed exile in South Africa.
See his memoir (1996).
Douglas was a forward who represented Drogheda United, Bohemian F.C. and Bray Wanderers A.F.C. amongst others during his career in the League of Ireland. He signed for Bohemians during the 1990/1991 season and won the FAI Cup with Bohs in 1992. He was Monaghan's top league goalscorer in 1994/95.
He represented Ireland at Under-21 level.
Wipo Publishes Patent of De Vries Ian Douglas for "Capacitively Coupled Cell Balancer with a Common AC Bus" (South African Inventor)
Jan 05, 2013; GENEVA, Jan. 5 -- Publication No. WO/2013/003869 was published on Jan. 3.Title of the invention: "CAPACITIVELY COUPLED CELL...
Wipo Publishes Patent of Patrick Lam, Victoria Ker, Charles Ashton Garret Carter, Benjamin Milton Shaw, Cliff Baar, Alexei Kazakov, Ian Douglas Mckay, Dusan Jeremic, Nova Chemicals (International) for "Polyethylene Film" (Canadian, Austrian Inventors)
Sep 26, 2012; GENEVA, Sept. 26 -- Publication No. WO/2012/122624 was published on Sept. 20. Title of the invention: "POLYETHYLENE FILM."...