I. Bernard Cohen
(1 March 1914
– 20 June 2003
) was the Victor S. Thomas Professor of the history of science
at Harvard University
and the author of many books on the history of science and, in particular, Isaac Newton
. Cohen attended Harvard University, first as a student, taking a Bachelors of Science degree in 1937, and then a Ph.D. in the history of science in 1947. Cohen was a student of George Sarton
, an important figure in the field of history of science. Cohen taught at Harvard from 1942 until his death, and his tenure was marked by the development of Harvard's program in the history of science.
Cohen's April 1955 interview with Albert Einstein was the last Einstein gave before his death. It was published that July in Scientific American.
In 1974 he was awarded the Sarton Medal by the History of Science Society. Many consider Cohen's most important work to be his 1999 translation, with Anne Whitman, of Newton's Principia. This 974-page work took Cohen over 15 years to fully translate.
Among Cohen's famous students one can name the Islamic philosopher Seyed Hosein Nasr, Bucknell University professor Martha Verbrugge, and the prolific Allen G. Debus.
- 1956 - Franklin and Newton: An Inquiry into Speculative Newtonian Experimental Science and Franklin's Work in Electricity as an Example thereof
- 1960 - The Birth of a New Physics (LoC 60-5918, Science Study Series S10,Anchor Books)
- 1981 - The Newtonian Revolution (ISBN 0-521-22964-2)
- 1981 - Studies on William Harvey (ISBN 0-405-13866-0)
- 1985 - Revolution in Science (ISBN 0-674-76777-2)
- 1985 - Album of Science : From Leonardo to Lavoisier, 1450-1800 (ISBN 0-684-15377-7)
- 1985 - The Birth of a New Physics (ISBN 0-393-01994-2)
- 1990 - Benjamin Franklin's Science (ISBN 0-674-06658-8)
- 1994 - Interactions: Some Contacts between the Natural Sciences and the Social Sciences (ISBN 0-262-03223-6)
- 1995 - Science and the Founding Fathers: Science in the Political Thought of Jefferson, Franklin, Adams, and Madison (ISBN 0-393-03501-8)
- 1996 - Newton: Texts Backgrounds Commentaries (Norton Critical Editions) (ISBN 0-393-95902-3)
- 1999 - Howard Aiken: Portrait of a Computer Pioneer (History of Computing) (ISBN 0-262-03262-7)
- 1999 - The Principia: Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy (Translator) (ISBN 0-520-08816-6)
- 1999 - Introduction to Newton's Principia (ISBN 1-58348-601-1)
- 2000 - Isaac Newton's Natural Philosophy (Editor) (ISBN 0-262-02477-2)
- 2002 - The Cambridge Companion to Newton (Editor) (ISBN 0-521-65177-8
- 2005 - The Triumph of Numbers: How Counting Shaped Modern Life (ISBN 0-393-05769-0)