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Hyndman

Hyndman

Hyndman, Henry Mayers, 1842-1921, English Socialist, an early advocate of Marxism in England. He was a journalist by profession. In 1881 he founded the parent organization of the Social Democratic Federation, which in 1911 became the British Socialist party, with Hyndman as chairman. In World War I the party was disrupted, many members becoming Communists. Hyndman reorganized the Social Democratic Federation in 1920. Among his works are The Historical Basis of Socialism (1883), The Economics of Socialism (2d ed. 1896), A Record of an Adventurous Life (1911), and Further Reminiscences (1912).

See biography by R. Hyndman (1923); study by C. Tsuzuki (1961).

(born March 7, 1842, London, Eng.—died Nov. 22, 1921, London) British Marxist political leader. Educated at the University of Cambridge, he worked as a journalist before founding the socialist Democratic Federation, and in England for All (1881), the first English socialist book in almost 50 years, he expounded the ideas of Karl Marx. He steered many British socialists toward Marxism, but Friedrich Engels, who disliked Hyndman, encouraged many to break away and form the Socialist League. During World War I Hyndman took a patriotic and pro-French line, causing his ouster from the Socialist Party, whereupon he formed the National Socialist Party (1916), later renamed the Social Democratic Federation.

Learn more about Hyndman, Henry M(ayers) with a free trial on Britannica.com.

(born March 7, 1842, London, Eng.—died Nov. 22, 1921, London) British Marxist political leader. Educated at the University of Cambridge, he worked as a journalist before founding the socialist Democratic Federation, and in England for All (1881), the first English socialist book in almost 50 years, he expounded the ideas of Karl Marx. He steered many British socialists toward Marxism, but Friedrich Engels, who disliked Hyndman, encouraged many to break away and form the Socialist League. During World War I Hyndman took a patriotic and pro-French line, causing his ouster from the Socialist Party, whereupon he formed the National Socialist Party (1916), later renamed the Social Democratic Federation.

Learn more about Hyndman, Henry M(ayers) with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Hyndman is a borough in Bedford County, Pennsylvania, United States. 1005 residents were counted during the 2000 census.

History

The first known settler in the area was Samuel Waters, who lived near Wills Creek and built a bridge across it before 1800. About 1800, Jacob Burkett and Amos Raley started a boat-building business at the settlement called Bridgeport. Boats were needed to float grain down to Cumberland, Maryland. In 1850, Enoch Cade opened a store, and in 1865 a one-room school was opened. Samuel Miller began laying out a town on his land north of the creek. In 1871 the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad first came through the town going from Cumberland, Maryland to Pittsburgh, PA, and the Bedford and Bridgeport Railroad was built from Mt. Dallas (Everett) to Cumberland, Maryland. In September 1877 the town was incorporated, and in December of that year the town was renamed Hyndman in honor of the B&O's Connellsville Division Railroad Superintendent E. K. Hyndman. The first elected officials Chief Burgess S. M. Wilhelm, and Council members J. W. Madore, W. S. Mullin, Samuel Miller, and Henry Miller. Early industries included the manufacturing of bricks and limestone. (See, "The Kernel of Greatness" by the Bedford Heritage Commission, Inc., Pg. 136-137,)

In 1889 the National Bank of South Pennsylvania was opened in Hyndman. In 1905 this bank would fail. It was purchased by J. J. Hoblitzell, giving it the name it has today - The Hoblitzell National Bank. In 1892 the Hyndman Water Company was completed, in 1893 the electric plant opened, the telephone exchange was begun in 1906, and in 1927 a fire company was organized.

Geography

Hyndman is located at (39.821033, -78.721283).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 0.5 square miles (1.4 km²), all of it land.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 1,005 people, 413 households, and 296 families residing in the borough. The population density was 1,849.6 people per square mile (718.6/km²). There were 448 housing units at an average density of 824.5/sq mi (320.3/km²). The racial makeup of the borough was 98.11% White, 0.60% Native American, 0.50% from other races, and 0.80% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.80% of the population.

There were 413 households out of which 30.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.3% were married couples living together, 8.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.3% were non-families. 26.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the borough the population was spread out with 24.2% under the age of 18, 5.7% from 18 to 24, 25.9% from 25 to 44, 22.9% from 45 to 64, and 21.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 90.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.3 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $27,700, and the median income for a family was $34,792. Males had a median income of $28,917 versus $21,750 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $15,865. About 7.7% of families and 10.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.8% of those under age 18 and 6.3% of those age 65 or over.

References

  • "THE KERNEL OF GREATNESS: An Informal Bicentennial History of Bedford County (Pennsylvania)", by Bedford County Heritage Commission (Author), B/W Illus (Illustrator), 1971, ASIN B000KYDYOE

External links

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