(Институт «Гидропроект», Gidroproekt
) is a Russian dam and canal design firm. Based in Moscow, it has a number of branches around the country.
Hydroproject and its predecessor institutions have designed most of the hydroelectric dams and irrigation and navigation canals that have been built in the Soviet Union and Russia since the 1930s. They have designed a number of high-profile projects abroad as well, from India to Egypt to Canada. However, the main brainchild of the institute and its visionary founder, Sergey Yakovlevich Zhuk - the rerouting of part of the water flow of Russia's northern and Siberian rivers to Kazakhstan and Central Asia - never came to fruition.
Today's Hydroproject traces its history to the design departments of the Moscow Canal
Construction Project (the 1930s), and the Hydroelectrostroy Trust (Трест “Гидроэлектрострой”), which was formed on October 9, 1930, to coordinate the construction of hydroelectric dams in the USSR during its First Five-Year Plan
. The two organizations, after changing their names a number of times, were finally merged in 1962. Until 1950, they were within the ambit of the USSR Ministry of Internal Affairs
; later, under the Ministry of Energy.
Some of the institute branches, notably the one in Saint Petersburg (Leningrad), known as Lenhydroproject, have an even longer history.
Since the 1990s, the institute operates as a subsidiary of Unified Energy System, Russia's national electricity company.
In the USSR
- Most of the hydro dams on the Volga and Kama; see Zhiguli Hydroelectric Station for a list.
- Angara River dams: Irkutsk hydroelectric plant, Bratsk hydroelectric plant, Ust-Ilimsk hydroelectric plant.
- Yenisei River dams: Krasnoyarsk hydroelectric dam, Sayano-Shushenskaya hydroelectric station
- Inguri Dam, Georgia
- Nurek Dam, Tajikistan
- Rogun Dam, Tajikistan
- Toktogul Reservoir Dam, Kyrgyzstan
- Pļaviņu HES, Latvia
- Rīgas HES, Latvia
- Kruonis PSP, Lithuania
Outside of the USSR
- Aswan High Dam in Egypt
- Jenpeg Dam, the first stage of Nelson River Hydroelectric Project in Manitoba, Canada.
- Paraná Medio, Argentina (proposed)
- Sanmenxia dam, China
- Malka Vakana Dam, Ethiopia
- Tehri dam, India
- Al-Bagdadi dam, Iraq
- Al-Kadissia dam, Iraq
- Dokan dam, Iraq
- Đerdap dams on the Danube, Romania-Serbia
- Tabaqah Dam (a.k.a Euphrates Dam), Syria
- Tishrin Dam, Siria
- Hoa-Binh Dam, Vietnam
- Olmos Dam, Peru