Tourism: Town Council 0034-979808244 www.dip-palencia.es
Husillos is a little municipality in Northern Spain, in Castile-Leon, very close, only 11 km away, from Palencia and about 260 km northwest of Madrid. Husillos has 208 inhabitants and is 16,4 km² in size.
There are few documents about the early history of Husillos, although since the river Carrión goes through the municipality and prehistoric weapons have been found in the village, everything suggests that Husillos has been coveted since then. From then on Husillos has had dwellers called vaceos of celtic origin, and then successively the Romans, the Visigods, Muslims and finally Christians. The recent history of Husillos starts in 906, when the Count Gaton of El Bierzo(Spain) rebuilt the Church of Santa Maria that had been destroyed during the Muslim occupation of Palencia (8th and 9th centuries.)
During the 10th century the Abbey of Santa Maria de Fusiellos was built, also called Santa Maria de la Dehesa Brava. In the 11th century the king Sancho el Mayor (Castile) gave the town of Husillos to the Bishop of Palencia, the nearest city. The Middle Ages was the Golden Era for the region of Palencia that comprised Husillos. An important Jewish community lived in the Palencia region during several centuries, although they were finally forced to leave for political and religious reasons in 1492. In the 16th century and after the Battle of Saint Quentin that ended on Saint Laurent's day, AUGUST 10th 1557, Philip II of SPAIN built the Palace of San Lorenzo del Escorial, near Madrid. The king asked the Abbot of Husillos whether he could give the relic of Saint Laurent, his foot, for the palace of El Escorial. The Abbot accepted and he later became a bishop.
In the 16th century the abbey was moved to Ampudia(Palencia).
In the beginning of the 19th century, Husillos was briefly ruled, a couple of years, by Napoleon's FRANCE. In the Museum of Archaeology in Madrid we can find a Roman sarcophagus from II A.D. with the Myth of Orestes as decoration. It was founded in Husillos in the 19th century. The Church of Husillos is a National Monument since 1931.
The climate of Husillos is continental with extremes in winter of -5.C and 35.C in summer.
Some 30 years ago people went to school in Husillos, now the few kids who live in Husillos go to school in Palencia. Most of them either work on agriculture or study at the University of Valladolid that is only 50 km away. The rest try to find a space in the homebuilding business.
99% of the inhabitants of Husillos are Roman Catholics, although the new generations are not as fervent as their parents and grandparents. This part of Spain has always had a very strong Roman Catholic influence and still does.
In the last century one hundred farmers worked in the fields of Husillos. With the advent of the new technologies, the inhabitants from Husillos understood that they had to migrate to the cities, mainly Palencia, Valladolid, Bilbao and Madrid. Later on, people working in Palencia came to live to Husillos (11km. away from Palencia). Some of these started small building companies. Today, the farmers are old, mostly retired and only a dozen of young farmers continue working in Husillos thanks in part to some government subsidies. Farmers mainly grow wheat, barley, corn, hay(alfalfa), rapeseed(canola) and sugar beat. Historically Husillos had a population of around 400 inhabitants. Today there are some 215 of them, although the real estate promoters are making important efforts marketing Husillos as a burgeoning suburb of Palencia. As in most villages in Castille, the population increases considerably in summer. The (GDP)per capita PPP of Husillos is much lower than the one of SPAIN $27´400 (2006).
The conservative Partido Popular has been ruling in Husillos since the party was created after the death of General Franco. Husillos is the typical village of Castilla y León, where the conservatives are in the government for more than 20 years.
The kids play football(soccer), basketball in a small outside court and frontennis against a big 7 meters high wall. The main sport is hunting with dogs. The most coveted preys are hares, partridges and quails.
The Husillos most common pastime is to play cards, namely mus, brisca, tute. Both men and women play cards, although normally separately. Nearly every day the old farmers of the town gather informally to hear the same old stories... The internet has been made readily available through radio waves with an extra cost and with a maximum speed of 4 megas.