(born Oct. 17, 1895, Oak Park, Ill., U.S.—died Dec. 29, 1958, New York, N.Y.) U.S. dancer and modern-dance choreographer. She was a member of the Denishawn troupe from 1917 to 1928, when she left to cofound, with Charles Weidman
, a school and performing dance group, which was active until 1944. In her choreography she employed an innovative use of conflict between balance and imbalance, fall and recovery; her works included Water Study
(1928), The Shakers
(1931), and New Dance
(1935). She retired as a performer in 1945 but continued as artistic director for José Limón
's company, creating works such as Day on Earth
(1947) and Ruins and Visions
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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.