(born Aug. 28, 1878, Ashland, N.H., U.S.—died Feb. 1, 1976, Rochester, N.Y.) U.S. pathologist. He studied medicine at Johns Hopkins University. He and George Minot discovered that raw liver fed to chronically bled dogs reversed anemia; this led to introduction of raw liver in the diet to treat pernicious anemia, for which the two men shared a 1934 Nobel Prize with William Murphy (1894–1987). Whipple's study of bile pigments led to an interest in how the body makes hemoglobin (important in bile pigment production). His experiments in artificial anemia (1923–25) established iron as the most potent inorganic factor in red-blood-cell formation.
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There were 206 households out of which 42.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.7% were married couples living together, 9.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.8% were non-families. 20.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.18.
In the city the population was spread out with 32.2% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 31.3% from 25 to 44, 17.7% from 45 to 64, and 11.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 99.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.5 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $46,806, and the median income for a family was $46,806. Males had a median income of $35,188 versus $22,750 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,116. About 4.2% of families and 7.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.3% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over.