1. The philosophical study of the moral obligations that hold in hospitality relationships and practices.Whereas Ethics goes beyond describing what is done, in order to prescribe what should be done; Hospitality Ethics prescribes what should be done in matters related to hospitality. Hospitality theories and norms are derived through a critical analysis of hospitality practices, processes, and relationships; in various cultures and traditions; and throughout history. Ultimately, hospitality theories are applied, and put to practice in commercial and non-commercial settings.
2. The branch of business ethics that focuses on ethics in commercial hospitality and tourism industries.
Yet hospitality as a moral imperative, or ethical perspective, preceded many other prescriptions for ethical behavior: In ancient Middle Eastern, Greek and Roman cultures, the Ethic of Hospitality was a code that demanded specific kinds of conduct from both guests and hosts. One example: Chivalry required men of station to offer food and lodging to any men of station that requested it.
In many ways, these standards of behavior have survived into the present day in the commercial hospitality industry, where descendents of the ancient ideas continue to inform current standards and practices.
One particular hospitality ethics theory, called the Ethic of Hospitality, focuses on the guest-host relationship as the source of hospitality norms. It claims that wherever there is a host, there is a guest, and that actions and decisions originating from either agent has consequences for both agents. The Ethic of Hospitality sees the respective duties of guests and hosts as different, yet complementary, in both function and practice.
The philosophical investigation of the concepts surrounding hospitality, and the relationships between guests and hosts in various kinds of settings, is a potentially fruitful field of study for both theoretical and applied ethics.
Hospitality Ethics is a branch of Applied Ethics. In practice, it combines concerns of other branches of Applied Ethics, such as business ethics, environmental ethics, professional ethics, and more. For instance, when a local hospitality industry flourishes, potential ethical dilemmas abound: What effect do industry practices have on the environment? On the host community? On the local economy? On citizens' attitudes about their local community; about outsiders, tourists, and guests? These are the kinds of questions that Hospitality Ethics, as a version of Applied Ethics, might ask.
Since Hospitality and tourism combine to create one of the largest service industries in the world, there are many opportunities for both good and bad behavior, and right and wrong actions by hospitality and tourism practitioners. Ethics in these industries can be guided by codes of conduct, employee manuals, industry standards (whether implicit or explicit), and more.
Though the World Tourism Organization has proposed an industry-wide code of ethics, there is presently no universal code for the hospitality industry. Various textbooks regarding ethics in commercial hospitality settings have been published recently, and are currently used in hospitality education courses.
Additional guest-host perspectives.The Ethic of Hospitality, as one particular relational perspective, can also be used to guide ethical decision-making in commercial and non-commercial guest-host relationships.
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Nov 22, 2011; DENVER, CO -- The following information was released by the Daniels Fund: Programs enhancing educational opportunities for youth...