Hor-Aha is considered the second pharaoh of the first dynasty of Ancient Egypt in current Egyptology. He lived around the thirty-first century BC. The two logographic glyphs used to write his name are roughly translated as Hor, (a reference to the hawk deity, Horus), and Aha, meaning "to fight".
Around the thirty-second century BC, his father, Narmer, had united Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt. Hor-Aha (whose birth name is transliterated as Ity or Iteti, Hor-Aha being his "Horus" or throne name) became pharaoh at about the age of thirty and ruled until he was about sixty-two years old. Legend had it that he was carried away by a hippopotamus, the embodiment of the deity Seth. Provided that Hor-Aha was the legendary Menes, another story has it that Hor-Aha was killed by a hippopotamus while hunting.
There has been some controversy about Hor-Aha. Some believe him to be the same individual as the legendary Menes and that he was the one to unify all of Egypt. Others claim he was the son of Narmer, the pharaoh who unified Egypt. Narmer and Menes may have been one pharaoh, referred to with more than one name. Regardless, considerable historical evidence from the period points to Narmer as the pharaoh who first unified Egypt (see Narmer Palette) and to Hor-Aha as his son and heir.
Hor-Aha's queen was most likely Benerib, whose name was "written alongside his on a number of [historical] pieces, in particular, from tomb B14". Tomb B14 is located directly adjacent to Hor-Aha's sepulchre.