The Homeland Security Act
(HSA) of 2002
, Pub. L. No. 107-296, 116 Stat. 2135 (Nov. 25, 2002), introduced in the aftermath of the September 11, 2001 attacks
, created the Department of Homeland Security
in the largest federal government reorganization in 55 years, since the Department of Defense
was created via the National Security Act of 1947 (as amended in 1949). The HSA is a sweeping anti-terrorism law giving federal law enforcement agencies broad powers to look over citizens and thwart potential attacks on the homeland. Among other things, it created the new cabinet-level position of Secretary of Homeland Security.
The new department created by the 35-page Homeland Security Act assumed a number of government functions previously conducted in other departments. It superseded, but did not replace the Office of Homeland Security, which retained an advisory role.
Civil liberties concerns
Many individuals have expressed concerns regarding the constitutionality of the Act, but no court has yet found it to be unconstitutional.
Official U.S. Government
- WhiteHouse.gov - Text of the Homeland Security Act
- DHS.gov - United States Department of Homeland Security
- House.gov - US House Committee on Homeland Security homepage
- WhiteHouse.gov - The White House Homeland Security webpage
- ANSI.org - ANSI Homeland Security Standards Panel (ANSI-HSSP)
- Ready.gov - DHS website promoting readiness to defend against attack