Definitions

Holy Roman Emperor, Charles V

Coat of arms of Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor

Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, or Charles I of Spain, was the heir of four of Europe's leading royal houses. He was the first sole monarch of Spain, inheriting the kingdoms first united by his maternal grandparents, Isabella of Castile and Ferdinand II of Aragon (the Catholic Monarchs). From his father, Philip I of Castile, he inherited the Burgundian Netherlands, which came from his paternal grandmother, Mary of Burgundy. Finally, on the death of his paternal grandfather, Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor, he inherited the Habsburg lands in Austria. His coat of arms, representing much of the land he inherited, is blazoned as follows:

Quarterly: I and IV grand-quarterly i and iv great-grand-quarterly 1 and 4 gules a three towered castle Or masoned sable and ajouré azure (for Castile), 2 and 3 argent a lion rampant purpure crowned Or langued and armed gules (for Leon), ii per pale, dexter per fess, in chief Or four pallets gules (for Aragon), in base gules a cross, saltire, and orle of chains linked together Or and a centre point vert (for Navarre), sinister argent a cross potent and four crosslets Or (for Jerusalem) impaling barry of eight gules and argent (for Hungary), iii per pale, dexter per fess, in chief Or four pallets gules (for Aragon), in base gules a cross, saltire, and orle of chains linked together Or and a centre point vert (for Navarre), sinister per saltire, 1 and 4 Or four pallets gules, 2 and 3 argent an eagle displayed sable (for Sicily); II and III grand-quarterly, i gules a fess argent (for Austria), ii azure semy-de-lis Or a bordure compony argent and gules (new Burgundy), iii bendy of six Or and azure a bordure gules (old Burgundy), iv sable a lion rampant Or langued and armed gules (for Brabant), overall at the fess point of the quarter an inescutcheon Or a lion rampant sable armed and langued gules (for Flanders) impaling argent an eagle displayed gules, armed, beaked, and langued Or (for Tyrol); enté en point argent a pomegranate proper seeded gules, supported, sculpted and slipped vert (for Granada).

Supporters: A bicephalous eagle displayed sable imperially crowned proper in front of a saltire ragulée gules, the whole between two columns argent issuing from the sea proper in base, the one to dexter crowned imperially proper, the one to sinister crowned with the Royal Crown of Spain proper. The motto, PLVS VLTRA, wraps around the columns.

Features

First and Fourth Quarters
First and Fourth Grand-quarters Second Grand-quarter
Arms Meaning Details
Kingdom of Castile 1st and 4th great-grand-quarters
Gules, a three towered castle Or, masoned sable and ajouré azure
Kingdom of Leon 2nd and 3rd great-grand-quarters
Argent, a lion rampant purpure(sometimes blazoned gules) crowned Or, langued and armed gules
Third Grand-quarter
Kingdom of Aragon Dexter chief
Or, four pallets gules
Kingdom of Navarre Dexter base
Gules, a cross, saltire and orle of chains linked together Or, a centre point vert
Kingdom of Sicily Sinister side
Party per Saltire, Or four pallets gules and Argent an eagle displayed sable (Manfred of Sicily)
Arms Meaning Details
Kingdom of Aragon Dexter chief
Or, four pallets gules
Kingdom of Navarre Dexter base
Gules, a cross, saltire and orle of chains linked together Or, a centre point vert
Kingdom of Jerusalem Dexter side of the sinister side
Argent, a cross potent and four crosslets Or
Hungary Sinister side of the sinister side
Barry of eight Gules and Argent
Second and Third Quarters
Arms Meaning Details
Austria 1st grand-quarter
Gules a fess Argent
County of Burgundy
(Free County of Burgundy)
2nd grand-quarter
azure semy de lis or, a bordure compony gules and argent
Duchy of Burgundy
(Old Burgundy)
3rd grand-quarter
bendy of six or and azure a bordure gules
Arms Meaning Details
Duchy of Brabant 4th grand-quarter
Sable, a lion rampant Or, langued and armed gules
Escutcheon
County of Flanders Dexter
Or, a lion rampant of Sable, langued and armed gules
Tyrol Sinister
Argent an eagle displayed gules, armed, beaked, and langued Or
External Oraments
Arms Meaning Details
Double-headed eagle
(Holy Roman Empire)
Imperial Eagle
Double-headed eagle displayed Sable
Cross of Burgundy
(Duchy of Burgundy)
Mantling
blazoned Argent, a saltire ragulée gules.
Arms Meaning Details
Pillars of Hercules Supporters
an ancient name given to the Straits of Gibraltar. The personal motto of the Monarch plus ultra, means 'further beyond' in Latin
Imperial crown (Holy Roman Empire,
Austrian version)
Crown
King's Charles I of Spain crown. He was also Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
Golden Fleece Collar
Order of chivalry founded in 1430 by Duke Philip III of Burgundy to celebrate his marriage to the Portuguese princess Isabel of Aviz.

The Burgundian Inheritance and the Order of the Golden Fleece

In 1477, the territory of the Duchy of Burgundy was annexed by France. In the same year, Mary married Maximilian, Archduke of Austria, giving the Habsburgs control of the remainder of the Burgundian Inheritance.

Although the territory of the Duchy of Burgundy itself remained in the hands of France, the Habsburgs remained in control of the title of Duke of Burgundy and the other parts of the Burgundian inheritance, notably the Low Countries and the Free County of Burgundy in the Holy Roman Empire. They often used the term Burgundy to refer to it until the late 18th century, when the Austrian Netherlands were lost to the French Republic.

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