History of Sport Club Corinthians Paulista

History of Sport Club Corinthians Paulista

This article is about the history of Sport Club Corinthians Paulista, a football club based in São Paulo, São Paulo state, Brazil. For an overview of the club, see Sport Club Corinthians Paulista.

Foundation

The History of Sport Club Corinthians Paulista starts on September 1, 1910, when a group of labourers in the neighborhood of Bom Retiro decided to create their own club. Their idea was to found a football team in which anyone could display his abilities in the sport, since back then, in the beginning of the 20th century, football in Brazil was considered to be an elitist sport, played mainly by British descendants and people who worked for British companies.

Under the lights of an oil lamp, in the "Rua dos Imigrantes" (Immigrants Street), the labourers Joaquim Ambrósio, Antônio Pereira, César Nunes, Rafael Perrone, Anselmo Correia, Alexandre Magnani, Salvador Lopomo, João da Silva, Antônio Nunes founded the first popular club in São Paulo.

Among the founders, the first ideas for the name of the club were full of Brazilian national spirit: Carlos Gomes Football Club and Futebol Clube Santos Dumont. However, these prominent Brazilian names were put aside after the English amateur team Corinthian, that used to wear pink and brown shirts, won all six games in São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro during an exhibitional tour of Brazil. The name Sport Club Corinthians Paulista was agreed upon, as an homage to the great British club of the beginning of the past century. The name was suggested by Joaquim Ambrósio, one of those five labourers who founded the club.

Early years (1910-1922)

Corinthians played their first match on September 10, 1910 playing away against União da Lapa, a respected amateur club in São Paulo, and despite being defeated by 1-0, this match would mark the beginning of a successful age as an amateur club.

On September 14, Luis Fabi scored Corinthians' first goal, against Estrela Polar, another amateur club in the city, and Corinthians won their first game by 2-0.

With good results and an ascending number of supporters, Corinthians joined the Liga Paulista, after winning two qualifying games, and played in the São Paulo State Championship for the first time, in 1913, and just one year after joining the league, Corinthians was crown champion for the first time, in 1914 and again two years later.

Becoming Great (1922-1939)

Tuffy, Grané, Aparício, Neco, De Maria, Del Debbio, Gambinha, Mario, Munhoz, Soares and Rato]] --> The year of 1922, the Centennial of Brazilian Independence, marks the start of Corinthians hegemony in the São Paulo State Championship.

As football was almost exclusively played at Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo by that time, the two state champions were considered to be the two top clubs in Brazil. And defeating the Rio de Janeiro State Championship champion of that year, América, Corinthians definitely joined the hall of the great teams in Brazil.

The same year also marked the first of three State Championships in a row, something that happened again in 1928-1930 and 1937-1939.

Ups and downs (1940-1954)

Corinthians seemed predestinate to only be three State Champion in a row, since after to be six years without being a champion, came back to win of 1937 the 1939, but the 40's were a difficult time. The club would win a championship in 1941 and later it would only come back to be successful in 1951. It was a time where Corinthians teams was known as “it makes me to laugh” or "faz-me rir" in Portuguese.

The beginning of the decade of 1950 made history in Corinthians and the São Paulo Championship. In 1951, the team composed of Carbone, Cláudio, Luisinho, Baltasar and Mário marked 103 gols in thirty matches of the São Paulo Championship, registering an average of 3,43 per game. Carbone was the artilleryman of the competition with 30 gols. It would also win the São Paulo Championship of 1952 and 1954.

In this same decade, Corinthians was champion three times of the Rio-São Paulo Championship (1950, 1953 and 1954) the tournament that starts to be the championship of most importance in the country, because counted on the participation of the greatests clubs of the two states that were more blunted in the country.

In 1953, in a championship carried through in Venezuela, Corinthians won the Small Goblet of the World, a championship that many consider as a precursor of the World-wide Championship of Clubs. In the occasion, Corinthians, substituting Vasco da Gama, went to Caracas, Venezuelan capital and conquered six consecutive victories, against the teams of A.S. Roma (1-0 and 3-1), CF Barcelona (3-2 and 1-0) and Selection of Caracas (2-1 and 2-0). It would also conquer the Goblet of IV the Centenarian of São Paulo, in the same year of 1954.

But after the headings of the São Paulo Championship and the Rio-São Paulo of 1954, Corinthians would live great lack of titles. The breakthrough finally came when they won the São Paulo state championship in 1977, breaking a string of 23 years without a major title.

National success and world champions (1990-2005)

In 1990, Corinthians won its first Campeonato Brasileiro Série A, beating its rivals, São Paulo in the final at the opponent's own stadium, Estádio do Morumbi. In the following year, Corinthians beat Flamengo and won the Supercopa do Brasil. In 1995, the club won the Copa do Brasil for the first time, beating Grêmio in the final at Estádio Olímpico Monumental, in Porto Alegre. In the same decade, the club won the state championship in 1995, 1997, and in 1999, and won the national championship again in 1998 and in 1999.

In 2000, Corinthians won the first edition of the FIFA Club World Cup, beating Vasco in the final, at Estádio do Maracanã. To reach the final, Corinthians finished ahead of Real Madrid of Spain, Al-Nasr of Saudi Arabia and Raja Casablanca of Morocco. In the same decade, the club won the state championship in 2001 and in 2003., and the Copa do Brasil in 2002, beating Brasiliense in the final.

Between 1990 and 2005, the club also won the Ramón de Carranza Trophy in 1996, the Rio-São Paulo Tournament in 2002, the São Paulo Youth Cup in 1995, 1999, 2004, and 2005, and the Dallas Cup in 1999 and 2000.

Corinthians/MSI (2005-2007)

The club's situation in early 2004 was among the most difficult in its history. Bad administration, lack of money and terrible campaigns both in the 2003 Brazilian Championship and in the 2004 São Paulo State Championship caused its millions of supporters to worry. Fortunately, some young players and a new manager Tite helped the team to improve from their terrible start. At the end of the championship, Corinthians finished in 5th place and gained entry to the Copa Sudamericana (a minor continental championship).

This situation was one of the factors which enabled Corinthians' president, Alberto Dualib, to convince the club's advisors to sign a controversial deal with an international fund of investors called Media Sports Investment. The deal granted the company a large degree of control over the club for 10 years in exchange for large financial investments in return. This has brought many quality players to the team, such as Carlos Tévez, Roger, Javier Mascherano and Carlos Alberto.

Despite the MSI investiments, Corinthians had a slow start in the 2005 state championship, but managed to improve as it progressed, eventually managing to finish second. Their start to the Brazilian championship during 2005 was difficult, too, but after Daniel Passarella's dismissal (due to an unexpected 5-1 loss to Corinthians' rivals, São Paulo), the club finished the championship well, and were eventually crowned Brazilian Champions for the fourth time, after some controversial annulment of eleven games due to a betting scandal.

The relationship between Corinthians' managers and the MSI president, Kia Joorabchian is not good, and after being eliminated in the Copa Libertadores de América, the club experienced a crisis which was responsible for the bad performances for the rest of 2006. Is still unknown whether the partnership will continue for the coming years and whether the club will get more funds to sign new players, although Kia Joorabchian has left the partnership.

On December 2, 2007, following a 1-1 draw away to Grêmio, Corinthians were relegated to the second division.

References

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