Hisham was born in Cordoba. He was the 1st son of Abd ar-Rahman I and his wife, Halul and the younger half brother of Suleiman. He built many mosques and completed the Mezquita. In 792 he called for a jihad. Muslims arrived from abroad. The campaign took place in 793 against the Kingdom of Asturias and the County of Toulouse; in this second campaign he was defeated at Orange by William of Gellone, the Frankish count of Toulouse and first cousin to Charles the Great.