is one of the 23 special wards of Tokyo, Japan.
As of 2008, the ward has an estimated population of 677,341 and a density of 11,360 persons per km². The total area is 59.46 km², the largest of the 23 special wards.
Ōta's hub is situated around the two Kamata Stations (JR Kamata & Keikyu Kamata) where the Ōta Ward Office and central Post Office can be found.
Ōta has a sister city relationship with Salem, Massachusetts. The discovery of a shell mound in Ōmori, one of the forerunners of Ōta, by Edward S. Morse, director of the museum in Salem, occasioned the tie. Ōta has a friendship link with Chaoyang District, Beijing, People's Republic of China.
The ward was founded on March 15
merging the old wards of Ōmori
Tokyo International Airport (Haneda Airport, HND), now the main domestic airport for the Greater Tokyo Area, began with the establishment of Haneda Airfield in 1931 in the town of Haneda, Ebara District of Tokyo Prefecture. In 1945, it became Haneda Army Air Base under the control of the United States Army. In the same year, the Occupation ordered the expansion of the airport, evicting people from the surroundings on 48 hours' notice. With the end of the occupation, the Americans returned part of the facility to Japanese control in 1952, completing the return in 1958. Haneda Airport in Ōta was the major international airport for Tokyo, and handled traffic for the Tokyo Olympics.
Politics and government
The city is run by a city assembly of 50 elected members. The current mayor
is Tadayoshi Matsubara.
The southernmost of the 23 special wards, Ōta borders the special wards of Shinagawa
stand to the north, and Kōtō
lies to the east. Across the Tama River
in Kanagawa Prefecture
is the city of Kawasaki
, forming the boundaries to the south and west.
- Ikegami Honmonji, a Buddhist temple founded by Nichiren in the 13th century
- Ōmori Shell Mound site
- Senzoku Pond, where Nichiren is said to have washed his feet. The grave of Katsu Kaishu is nearby.
- JR East Keihin-Tōhoku Line: Ōmori, Kamata Stations
- Main Line: Heiwajima, Ōmorimachi, Ume Yashiki, Keikyū-Kamata, Zoshiki, Rokugo-dote Stations
- Airport Line: Keikyū-Kamata, Kojiya, Otorii, Anamori Inari, Tenkubashi, Haneda Kuko Stations
- Tokyu Corporation
- Tokyo Monorail: Ryutsu Center, Showajima, Seibijo, Tenkubashi, Shin Seibijo, Haneda Kuko Dai 1 Biru, Haneda Kuko Dai 2 Biru Stations
- Toei Asakusa Line: Magome, Nishi-Magome Stations
Many companies have their headquarters in Ōta, including these:
Colleges and universities
Primary and secondary schools
Ōta operates public elementary and junior high schools. Tokyo Metropolitan Government Board of Education
operates public high schools.
Public high schools in Ōta include:
Private high schools include Tokyo High School.
The city operates several libraries, including:
- Ota Library (the main library)
- Hamatake Library
- Haneda Library
- Ikegami Library
- Kamata Library
- Kamata Ekimae Library
- Kugahara Library
- Magome Library
- Omori East Library
- Omori South Library
- Omori West Library
- Rokugo Library
- Senzokuike Library
- Shimomaruko Library
- Tamagawa Library