The city is bordered by City of Beppu to the northwest, City of Yufu to the west, City of Taketa to the southwest, City of Bungo-ōno to the south, and City of Usuki to the southeast. The north of the city faces the Seto Inland Sea.
The downtown and shopping districts are located to the north of Oita Station. Recently, however, the area has been gradually declining in power, because the main commercial areas have been dispersed due to the construction of big shopping malls in the suburbs.
During the Sengoku period (15th - 16th century), the powerful Ōtomo clan based in Funai and the area prospered as a key port of trade with Portugal and Ming Dynasty China. Ōtomo Sōrin, a famous Christian Daimyo, first introduced western culture. It was in Funai that the first western style hospital was built and the first Japanese choir was formed.
Takasaki mountain (高崎山) that borders Beppu is famous for wild monkeys, specifically the Japanese Macaque.
At the entrance to the Takasaki-yama park is the "Marine Palace" aquarium, also known as "Umi Tamago", or "Sea Egg".
In the middle of the city, there are many shops and department stores. Some major departmental stores include Tokiwa, Parco, Frespo Kasugaura, and D Plaza. There are also shopping malls in the suburbs, such as Tokiwa Wasada Town and Park Place Oita.
Outside the city, scenic spots include mountain plateaus, seaside villages and towns renowned for onsen (geothermal hot springs).
Ōita is also famous for the intestines of . Ōita is believed to be the only place to serve puffer fish intestines in the world, although they are forbidden by law.
Buses are the primary mode of transportation in Oita, run by two main bus service companies. The Oita Bus Company operates bus routes in the city. The Oita Kotsu Company runs north of the city. For long distance bus services, these two companies, as well as Kamenoi Bus Company operate bus routes from Oita to main place of Kyushu, such as Fukuoka and Kumamoto, and Osaka, Tokyo and more.
Sporting events held in Oita include:
|Oita Trinita||Football|| J. League|
|Ōita Stadium||1994(year of starting as Oita Trinity, changed to current name from 1999)|
|Vasagey Oita||Futsal||F. League||Oita Prefectual General Gymnasium||2003|
|Oita Miyoshi Weisse Adler||Volleyball||V.League||TOTO Oita factory gymnasium||1996(year of starting as Miyoshi Department of Cardiology EKG, changed to current name from 2006)|