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Heywood Campbell Broun

Heywood Campbell Broun

[broon]
Broun, Heywood Campbell, 1888-1939, American newspaper columnist and critic, b. Brooklyn, N.Y. He worked on the New York Tribune (1912-21) and the New York World (1921-28), where his syndicated column, "It Seems to Me," began. In 1928 he transferred it to the Scripps-Howard newspapers, including the New York World-Telegram, where it appeared until he moved it to the New York Post just before his death. In his column Broun constantly championed the underdog, criticized social injustice, and backed emerging labor unions. A founder of the American Newspaper Guild, he was its first president from 1933 until his death. In 1930, Broun ran unsuccessfully for congress as a Socialist. His books include The A. E. F. (1918); The Boy Grew Older (1922) and Gandle Follows His Nose (1926), novels; and a biography of Anthony Comstock (with Margaret Leech, 1927). It Seems to Me (1935) and Collected Edition (ed. by H. H. Broun, 1941) give the best of his column.
Heywood Campbell Broun /bɹun/ (December 7 1888December 18 1939) was an American journalist. He worked as a sportswriter, newspaper columnist, and editor in New York City. He founded the American Newspaper Guild, now known as The Newspaper Guild. Born in Brooklyn, New York, he is best remembered for his writing on social issues and his championing of the underdog. He believed that journalists could help right wrongs, especially social ills.

Career

His professional career began writing baseball stories in the sports section of the New York Morning Telegraph. He worked at the New York Tribune from 1912–1921 rising to drama critic before transferring to the New York World (1921–28). It was at the World where his syndicated column, It Seems to Me, began. In 1928 he moved to the Scripps-Howard newspapers, including the New York World-Telegram, where it appeared until he moved it to the New York Post just before his death.

Broun was known as a fairly decent drama critic. However, he once classified Geoffrey Steyne as the worst actor on the American stage. Steyne sued Broun, but a judge threw the case out. The next time Broun reviewed a production with Steyne in the cast, he left the actor out of the review. However, in the final sentence, he wrote, "Mr. Steyne's performance was not up to its usual standard."

In 1930, Broun unsuccessfully ran for Congress as a Socialist. A slogan of Broun's was "I'd rather be right than Roosevelt."

The Newspaper Guild sponsors an annual Heywood Broun Award for outstanding work by a journalist, especially work that helps correct an injustice.

Personal life

In 1917 Broun married writer-editor Ruth Hale, a feminist and founder of the Lucy Stone League, an organization that fought for women to keep their maiden names after marriage. They had one son, Heywood Hale Broun.

Along with his friends the critic Alexander Woollcott, writer Dorothy Parker and humorist Robert Benchley, Broun was a member of the famed Algonquin Round Table from 1919-1929. He was also close friends with the Marx Brothers, and attended their show The Cocoanuts more than 20 times. Broun joked that his tombstone would read, "killed by getting in the way of some scene shifters at a Marx Brothers show."

Broun converted to Catholicism after discussions with Fulton Sheen.

He died of pneumonia at age 51 in New York City. More than 3,000 mourners attended his funeral at St. Patrick's Cathedral, New York. Among them were New York City Mayor Fiorello La Guardia, columnist Franklin Pierce Adams, actor-director George M. Cohan, playwright-director George S. Kaufman, New York World editor Herbert Bayard Swope, columnist Walter Winchell and actress Tallulah Bankhead.

Broun is buried in the Cemetery of the Gate of Heaven in Hawthorne, New York (about 25 miles north of New York City).

Bibliography

  • The A.E.F. (1918)
  • The 51st Dragon (1919)
  • Seeing Things at Night (1921)
  • The Boy Grew Older (1922)
  • Gandle Follows His Nose (1926)
  • Anthony Comstock: Roundsman of the Lord (with Margaret Leech) (1927)
  • It Seems to Me (1935) Collection of columns
  • Collected Edition (1941) Another collection of columns

Famous quotes

  • "Repartee is what you wish you'd said."
  • "Sports do not build character. They reveal it."
  • "The tragedy of life is not that man loses, but that he almost wins."

he was a good man

References

  • Bleiler, Everett The Checklist of Fantastic Literature. Chicago: Shasta Publishers.
  • Robert E. Drennan, The Algonquin Wits (Secaucus, NJ: Citadell Press, 1968, 1985)
  • The New York Times, "3,000 Mourn Broun at St. Patrick's Mass", Dec. 21, 1939, pg. 23.
  • John L. Lewis et al., Heywood Broun: As He Seemed to Us (New York: Random House for the Newspaper Guild of New York, 1940)
  • Popular Educator Library, Volume Two, National Educational Alliance, Inc, copyright 1938, 800.

External links

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