The Heterobathmioidea are a superfamily of the Lepidoptera, containing a single genus, Heterobathmia. Primitive, day-flying, metallic moths, confined to southern South America, the adults eat the pollen of Nothofagus or Southern Beech and the larvae mine the leaves (Kristensen, 1983, 1999). Most known species are undescribed (but see Kristensen and Nielsen, 1978, 1998).


  • Kristensen, N. P. 1983. The Heterobathmia life history elucidated: immature stages contradict assignment to suborder Zeugloptera (Insecta, Lepidoptera). Zeitschrift für zoologische Systematik und Evolutionsforschung, 21: 101-124.
  • Kristensen, N.P. (1999). The non-Glossatan Moths. Ch. 4, pp. 41-49 in Kristensen, N.P. (Ed.). Lepidoptera, Moths and Butterflies. Volume 1: Evolution, Systematics, and Biogeography. Handbuch der Zoologie. Eine Naturgeschichte der Stämme des Tierreiches / Handbook of Zoology. A Natural History of the phyla of the Animal Kingdom. Band / Volume IV Arthropoda: Insecta Teilband / Part 35: 491 pp. Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, New York.
  • Kristensen, N. P. and Nielsen, E.S. (1979). A new subfamily of micropterigid moths from South America. A contribution to the morphology and phylogeny of the Micropterigidae, with a generic catalogue of the family (Lepidoptera: Zeugloptera). Steenstrupia, 5(7):69-147.
  • Kristensen, N. P. and Nielsen, E.S. (1998). Heterobathmia valvifer n.sp.: a moth with large apparent 'ovipositor valves' (Lepidoptera, Heterobathmiidae). Steenstrupia, 24: 141-156.

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