Herzogtum Lauenburg is the southernmost Kreis, or district, of Schleswig-Holstein, Germany. It is bordered by (from the west and clockwise) the district of Stormarn, the city of Lübeck, the state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern (districts of Nordwestmecklenburg and Ludwigslust), the state of Lower Saxony (districts of Lüneburg and Harburg), and the city state of Hamburg. The district Herzogtum Lauenburg (literally "Duchy of Lauenburg") is named after the former Duchy of Saxe-Lauenburg.
Saxe-Lauenburg was also known simply as Lauenburg. While the territory of Saxe-Wittenberg changed drastically over the centuries, the Duchy of Lauenburg remained almost unchanged, until it lost its independence in 1689, when it was inherited by the Principality of Lüneburg. From 1815-1864 it belonged to the Duke of Holstein and the King of Denmark, who was one and the same. In 1864 it fell to Prussia after the Second Schleswig War. For a short period Lauenburg was still an autonomous entity, but in 1876 it was incorporated as a district into the Prussian province of Schleswig-Holstein.
|The coat of arms displays a white horse, the ancient symbol of the duchy of Lauenburg. The horse is surrounded by a black and white checked border, which represents the colours of Prussia. This is a modified version of the arms used when Lauenburg was part of the Danish monarchy, 1815-64. The former arms featured a golden horse's head on a red shield. The coat of arms was granted on November 12 1866, after Lauenburg became part of the Kingdom of Prussia. After the duchy became a district the usage of the coat of arms was discontinued, as districts were not allowed to use coats of arms. The coat of arms is sometimes displayed with a crown on top.|
A change in government came about after the Second World War with the 1946 county statute issued by the British military government. The Landrat now temporarily functioned as an honorary head of the district council (Kreistag), which now dealt with the administration of the district directly. Later, however, the Landrat took over the district administration again.
The economical emphasis of the district lies on the Hamburg bacon-belt, while the eastern parts in the Lauenburg Lakes Nature Park with their abundance of water cater more to tourism and are largely focused on agriculture. The district belongs to Metropolitan Hamburg.
|Independent towns and municipalities|
|1seat of the Amt|
Eisenbahnkulturlandschaft. Erlebbarkeit Und Potentiale [Cultural Landscape of Railways: Perceptibility and Potential]
Dec 01, 2012; Stefan Brauckmann, Eisenbahnkulturlandschaft. Erlebbarkeit und Potentiale [Cultural Landscape of Railways: Perceptibility and...