Born in L'Aigle, Vaugeois settled in Coulommiers where he taught philosophy. Initially a republican liberal, he later came to side with the anti-Dreyfus camp and 1899 lost his teaching post after joining Paul Déroulède's half-hearted coup attempt. He went on to join the Comité de l'Action Française which Charles Maurras used as the basis of the movement. Maurras soon convinced Vaugeois to abandon his repunlican ideals in favour of monarchism.
Vaugeois was a weak politician and a poor speaker and as such did not gain much influence in the new movement, over and above directing the group's eponymous daily paper. He died in Paris.