When a bone is fractured as a result of an injury, the two fragments may or may not be displaced relative to each other. If they are not, usually no treatment other than immobilisation in an appropriate cast is required. If, however, displacement does occur, then the space separating the fragments fills with blood, shed by the damaged blood vessels within the bone. This collection, or pool, of blood is known as a hematoma.
Injection of a suitable local anesthetic by needle and syringe through the skin into this hematoma produces relief of the pain caused by the fracture, allowing the bones to be painlessly manipulated.
Safety and effectiveness of intravenous regional anesthesia (Bier block) for outpatient management of forearm trauma
Jul 01, 2006; ADVANCES ABSTRACT Objective: To assess the safety and effectiveness of intravenous regional anesthesia (Bier block) in the...