Helen Christoffersen

Manitoba general election, 1990

The Manitoba general election of September 11, 1990 was held to elect Members of the Legislative Assembly (MLAs) of the Province of Manitoba, Canada. It was won by the Progressive Conservative (PC) Party, which took 30 out of 57 seats. The New Democratic Party finished second with 20, while the Liberal Party fell from 21 to 7.

Background

The 1990 election took place against the backdrop of the failed Meech Lake constitutional accord, which sought to clarify Quebec's position within Canada. The accord, which was signed in 1988, required passage by the federal government and the ten provincial governments before June 23, 1990 to become law. Although Manitoba Premier Howard Pawley had approved the accord in 1987, his government did not bring it before the legislature before their surprise defeat in 1988.

Pawley's replacement, PC leader Gary Filmon, was less inclined to support the deal, and requested that certain aspects be re-negotiated before his government would grant approval. After some reluctance, Prime Minister Brian Mulroney allowed re-negotiations with all provincial Premiers, and convinced Filmon to introduce the accord to the Manitoba legislature shortly before the scheduled deadline. Liberal leader Sharon Carstairs and NDP leader Gary Doer were also willing to support the revised deal.

Some members of Doer's caucus still opposed the accord, however. When it was put before the legislature, NDP MLA Elijah Harper refused to grant unanimous leave for emergency debate, on the grounds that the deal did not recognize the position of aboriginals in Canada's constitutional framework. Harper, the first Treaty Indian to serve in the Manitoba legislature, was strongly supported by aboriginal leaders such as Phil Fontaine and Ovide Mercredi, and continued his protest in the legislature during the following weeks. With assistance from former parliamentary clerk Gord Mackintosh, Harper was able to delay the legislative process until the accord simply could not be passed on time. Harper became a national celebrity, and polls showed that most English-speaking Canadians supported his stand.

Ironically, Gary Filmon's Tories may have benefitted from Harper's actions. Filmon was a long-time opponent of the accord, and was a fairly tepid supporter even after the renegotiated compromise was reached. Subsequently, Filmon used the accord's failure to highlight differences between himself and Mulroney, who was becoming increasingly unpopular as Prime Minister.

Issues

Filmon's Progressive Conservatives made the fewest promises of any major party. Their platform called for an end to abuse of the elderly in retirement homes, environmental initiatives, and low-cost economic development. They proposed to cut the size of the Winnipeg City Council, and vowed not to raise taxes.

The Liberals focused on economic issues, promising a major investment in job training, research and development, and business support. They also proposed to cut the Winnipeg Council, create government grants for tourism and adult education, and restore Tory cuts to health and other programs.

The NDP platform focused on workers' concerns, the environment, preventative health programs and housing. They supported an increase in the minimum wage, affirmative actions programs, and laws which would make it expensive to shut down plants in Manitoba. The also promised not to raise taxes, and opposed the safe of Manfor Ltd., a Crown corporation owned by the Province of Manitoba.

The small Progressive Party opposed affirmative action and the proposal to recognize in the Canadian constitution the Province of Quebec as a "distinct society" within Canada.

The campaign

A poll published in the Winnipeg Free Press indicated that the NDP were the most trusted party on economic issues, followed by the Tories. The NDP were still damaged from their poor showing in the 1988 election, however, and began the campaign in third place. The struggle for government initially appeared to be between the Liberals and Progressive Conservatives.

The Liberals ran a weak campaign, however, and were overtaken by the NDP after a strong performance from Gary Doer in the leaders' debate. Doer further increased the NDP's standing in the last weeks of the campaign by highlighting the connections between Filmon and the Mulroney government on a number of issues. The NDP's return to official opposition status was regarded as a major development after their near-collapse in 1988.

Results

The Tories continued their dominance in Manitoba's rural south, winning every seat in the region. They also won 13 of 31 seats in Winnipeg and a few ridings to the city's immediate north, enough to provide the party with a majority government.

The NDP won 11 seats in Winnipeg, and swept the province's north. They also won four seats in the mid-northern region, and retained Brandon East, their lone southern riding outside of Winnipeg.

All seven seats won by the Liberals were in Winnipeg, mostly in the centre and northwest of the city.

Party Party Leader # of
candidates
Seats Popular Vote
Before1 Elected % Change # % Change Progressive Conservative Gary Filmon 57 24 30 align="right"
25.0%
206,810 41.99% align="right"
3.62
New Democratic Gary Doer 57 12 20 align="right"
66.7%
141,328 28.80% align="right"
5.18
Liberal Sharon Carstairs 57 21 7 -66.7% 138,146 28.15% -7.37 Confederation of Regions Irene Armishaw (president) 5 - - - 1,564 0.32% -1.00 Western Independence Fred Cameron 6 - - - 1,355 0.28% -0.17 Progressive Sidney Green 5 - - - 1,163 0.24% align="right"
0.06
Libertarian Clancy Smith 5 - - - 637 0.13% align="right"
0.04
Communist Frank Goldspink (organizer) 1 - - - 25 0.00% -0.05 Independent 5 - - - 450 0.09% -0.30
Total 198 57 57 - 490,690 100%  

1 "Before" refers to standings in the Legislature at dissolution, and not to the results of the previous election. These numbers therefore reflect changes in party standings as a result of by-elections and members crossing the floor.

See also

Constituency results

Party key:

x - denotes incumbent

Arthur-Virden:

Brandon East:

Brandon West:

Broadway:

Charleswood:

Concordia:

Crescentwood:

Dauphin:

Elmwood
Party Candidate Votes % New Democratic Party (x)Jim Maloway 4,127 46.98 Progressive Conservative Vic Toews 3,035 34.55 Liberal Ed Price 1,623 18.47
Total valid votes 8,785 100.00
Rejected ballots 35
Turnout 8,820 71.63

Emerson:

Flin Flon:

Fort Garry:

Gimli:

Gladstone:

Inkster:

Interlake:

Kildonan:

Kirkfield Park:

Lac du Bonnet:

Lakeside:

La Verendrye:

Minnedosa:

Morris:

Niakwa:

Osborne
Party Candidate Votes % Liberal (x)Reg Alcock 3,941 40.21 New Democratic Party Donald Bailey 2,861 29.19 Progressive Conservative Sondra Braid 2,859 29.17 Libertarian Jim Weidman 139 1.42
Total valid votes 9,800 100.00
Rejected ballots 41
Turnout 9,841 71.64

Pembina:

Point Douglas
Party Candidate Votes % New Democratic Party George Hickes 2,778 54.72 Liberal Errol Lewis 1,550 30.53 Progressive Conservative Calvin Pompana 575 11.33 Independent William Hawryluk 108 2.13 Independent Roy Price 66 1.30
Total valid votes 5,077 100.00
Rejected ballots 71
Turnout 5,148 60.92

Portage La Prairie:

Radisson:

Riel:

River East:

River Heights:

Roblin-Russell:

Rossmere:

Rupertsland:

St. Boniface:

St. James:

St. Johns:

St. Norbert:

St. Vital:

Ste. Rose:

Seine River:

Selkirk:

Springfield:

Steinbach:

Sturgeon Creek:

Swan River:

The Maples:

The Pas:

Thompson:

Turtle Mountain:

Tuxedo:

Wellington:

Wolseley:

Post-election changes

Crescentwood (res. Jim Carr, February 1992), September 15, 1992:

Edward Connery (PC, Portage la Prairie) resigned his seat on June 23, 1992. A by-election was called for September 15, 1992. Progressive Conservative Brian Pallister 3,226 51.56 $17,992.91 Liberal Helen Christoffersen 1,995 31.88 $12,952.25 New Democratic Party Ralph Jackson 648 10.36 $13,381.00 Reform Fred Debrecen 388 6.20 $0.00 Total valid votes 6,257 100.00 Rejected ballots 20 Turnout 6,277 53.81

Rupertsland (res. Elijah Harper, November 30, 1992), September 21, 1993:

Rossmere (res. Harold Neufeld, May 12, 1993), September 21, 1993:

The Maples (res. Gulzar Cheema, June 17, 1993), September 21, 1993

Osborne (res. Reg Alcock, July 30, 1993), September 21, 1993:

St. Johns (res. Judy Wasylycia-Leis, August 12, 1993), September 21, 1993:

Flin Flon (res. Jerry Storie, July 20, 1994)

River Heights (Sharon Carstairs appointed to the Senate of Canada,

September 15, 1994)

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