Definitions

Heiden

Heiden

[hahyd-n]
Heiden, Eric, 1958-, American speed skater, b. Madison, Wis. After competing in the 1976 Winter Olympics, he won three consecutive World Speedskating Championships (1977-79). In 1980 at Lake Placid, N.Y., he became the first athlete ever to win five gold medals in a single Winter Olympics. After his retirement from competition, he became an orthopedic surgeon and the medical director of the U.S. speedskating and cycling teams.

Heiden is a municipality in the canton of Appenzell Ausserrhoden in Switzerland. Its Biedermeier village around the church square is listed as a heritage site of national significance.

Around 1650 Wolfhalden and Heiden could not agree about the control over the church. This led to the creation of a church in each village in 1652, making them independent. The founder of the Red Cross, Henry Dunant spent his last years in Heiden.

A rack railway, the Rorschach-Heiden-Bahn, leads from Rorschach, 400 meters below, to Heiden.

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