Hecker, Friedrich Franz Karl, 1811-81, German revolutionary. A lawyer, he was a leader of the radical republicans in the grand duchy of Baden and during the revolutionary agitation of 1847-49 in Germany, he helped organize the demands for democratic parliamentary government. Prior to the meeting of the Frankfurt Parliament in 1848 he led an unsuccessful uprising in Baden, proclaiming a constitutional republic. Forced into exile, he settled permanently in the United States. A Republican, he supported Lincoln and fought in the Civil War.
Hecker, Isaac Thomas, 1819-88, American Roman Catholic priest, founder of the Paulist Fathers; son of Prussian immigrants. Feeling the general discontent of his day in the dying Puritanism of New England, he associated with the transcendentalists, stayed for a short time at Brook Farm, and was a friend of Thoreau, Emerson, Bronson Alcott, and Orestes Brownson. Still dissatisfied, he entered (1844) the Roman Catholic Church, joined the Redemptorist order, and was ordained a priest (1849). Returning (1851) from abroad, he worked with immigrant Catholics in the United States. He was a successful missionary, but his intense zeal, doubts of his own worthiness, ill health, and his fixed purpose caused a somewhat stormy career. Difficulties with his order caused him to be expelled, but the pope dispensed him and his colleagues of their vows and allowed them in 1858 to found the Missionary Priests of St. Paul the Apostle (the Paulist Fathers)—an order that achieved prominence in the United States. Father Hecker, who was the superior until his death, founded the Paulist magazine Catholic World. Although ideas allegedly based on those of Hecker were later condemned as the heresy of "Americanism," the whole controversy was settled by an encyclical (1899) of Pope Leo XIII, without Father Hecker or any other American priest ever being specifically charged with holding the heretical views.

See biographies by W. Elliott (1891, repr. 1972) and V. F. Holden (1939, repr. 1974).

Hecker is a village in Monroe County, Illinois, United States. The population was 475 at the 2000 census.


Hecker was originally named Freedom. The town was laid out on land of Theodore Hilgard. It was platted and surveyed by Thomas Singleton, county surveyor, December 18, 1840.


Hecker is located at (38.305433, -89.994241).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.2 square miles (0.6 km²), all of it land.


As of the census of 2000, there were 475 people, 188 households, and 134 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,993.8 people per square mile (764.2/km²). There were 201 housing units at an average density of 843.7/sq mi (323.4/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 99.16% White, 0.21% African American, and 0.63% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.63% of the population.

There were 188 households out of which 31.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.1% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.2% were non-families. 23.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.02.

In the village the population was spread out with 22.3% under the age of 18, 9.7% from 18 to 24, 31.2% from 25 to 44, 23.6% from 45 to 64, and 13.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 106.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.5 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $43,333, and the median income for a family was $51,071. Males had a median income of $38,125 versus $21,447 for females. The per capita income for the village was $18,423. About 2.8% of families and 4.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.1% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over.


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