(also named Hazon Gabriel
or the Vision of Gabriel
) is a three-foot-tall tablet with 87 lines of Hebrew
containing a collection of short prophecies written in the first person and dated to the late first century BCE.
One of the stories allegedly tells of a man who was killed by the Romans
and resurrected in three days.
It is a tablet hailed as a "Dead Sea scroll
The tablet was likely found near the Dead Sea
some time around the year 2000 and has been associated with the same community which created the Dead Sea scrolls
. It is relatively rare in its use of ink on stone. It is in the possession of David Jeselsohn, a Swiss
collector, who bought it from a Jordanian antiquities dealer. At the time he was unaware of its significance.
It perhaps sheds a new light on Christianity's origins in Judaism
The finding has caused controversy among scholars. Israel Knohl, who is an expert in Talmudic and biblical language at Jerusalem's Hebrew University reads the inscription as a command from the angel Gabriel "to rise from the dead within three days". He takes this command to be directed at a 1st century Jewish rebel called Simon, who was killed by the Romans in 4 B.C. In Knohl's view the finding "calls for a complete reassessment of all previous scholarship on the subject of messianism, Jewish and Christian alike". Ben Witherington, on the other hand – an Early Christianity expert at Asbury Theological Seminary in Wilmore Kentucky – claims that a word interpreted as "rise" could just as easily be taken to mean "show up". At a conference at the Israel Museum in Jerusalem between the 6th and the 8 July in 2008, marking the 60th anniversary of the discovery of the Dead Sea scrolls, Knohl gave a paper on the tablet.
References and further reading
- * Gabriel’s Revelation paper.
- Translation of the text in English and Hebrew.
- Full article about Gabriel's Revelation (Biblical Archaeology Review cover story)