Definitions

Hat size

Hat

[hat]

A hat is a headcovering. It may be worn for protection against the elements, for religious reasons, for safety, or as a fashion accessory. In the past, hats were an indicator of social status. In the military, they denote rank and regiment.

There are hats for men and hats for women, as well as hats worn by both sexes. Men's hats are made by hatters and women's hats by milliners.

Hat sizes

Hat sizes are determined by measuring the circumference of a person's head about 1/2 inch (1.3 cm) above the ears and dividing by pi. In the UK, an equivalent hat size is an eighth of an inch smaller than in the US. Inches or centimeters may be used depending on the manufacturer. Felt hats can be stretched for a custom fit. Cheaper hats come in standard sizes, such as small, medium, large. Some hats, like baseball caps, are adjustable.

Parts of a hat

A hat consists of four main parts:

  • Crown – the portion of a hat covering the top of the head
  • Brim – a projection of stiff material from the bottom of the hat's crown horizontally all around the circumference of the hat
  • Peak (British English), Visor (American English), or Bill – a stiff projection at the front, to shade or shield the eyes from sun and rain
  • Puggaree or sweatband or hatband – a ribbon or band that runs around the bottom of the body of the hat. The sweatband may be adjustable with a cord at the top and is on the inside of the hat touching the skin while the hatband and puggaree are around the outside. The band worn with various military hats, such as the Australian slouch hat and the pith helmet, is referred to as a puggaree.

Customs

In Christian culture, men remove their hats when entering a church. In Eastern Orthodox cultures, it is customary to remove one's hat in the presence of a religious icon. Religious Jews wear a headcovering at all times, indoors and out. When entering a synagogue, men and married women must cover their heads. Upon entering an Islamic place of worship or religious learning, headscarves are required for women; many Christian churches used to have the same custom. In European culture, it was once customary for men to remove or tip their hat when greeting another person, especially a woman, as a sign of politeness.

Hat styles

Image Name Description
Akubra Australian hat with similarities to fedoras and cowboy hats
Ghutrah Three piece ensemble consisting of a Thagiyah skull cap, Gutrah scarf, and Ogal black band. Gutrahs are plain white or checkered, denoting ethnic or national identities.
Baseball cap A type of soft cap with a long, stiffened and curved peak
Bearskin The tall, fur, full dress uniform hat of the Brigade of Guards designed to protect the footguards against sword-cuts, commonly seen at Buckingham Palace
Balmoral bonnet
Beaver hat Hats made of felted beaver fur
Beret Soft round cap, usually of wool felt, with a flat crown, worn by both men and women and traditionally associated with France. Also used in the military.
Bicorne Military hat with upturned corners
Boater Flat-brimmed and flat-topped straw hat, formerly worn by seamen, and now mostly at summer regattas or garden parties, often with a ribbon in club or college colours
Boonie hat A soft cotton hat wide-brim hat commonly used by militaries.
Bowler / Derby A hard felt hat with a rounded crown created in 1850 by Lock's of St James's, the hatters to Thomas Coke, 2nd Earl of Leicester, for his servants. Sometimes known as a derby hat
Bucket hat A soft cotton hat with a wide, downwards-sloping brim
Busby A small fur military hat
Dunce cap A hat that was used as a punishment-humiliation hat in school during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. It is shaped like a cone and often has a big capital 'D' inscribed on the front.
Casquette A small-peaked cap often worn by cyclists
Cocked hat a naval hat worn by Captains or Admirals in Europe and North America
Cloche hat Popular bell-shaped ladies hat of the 1920s
Cowboy Rugged, utilitarian hats made of felt or straw featuring wide brims (four inches or more) to protect against rain and sun. Common styles include a safari style brim (with the brim turned down in the front and back) or a brim sharply curved up on either side.
Caubeen
Chullo
Chupalla Straw hat made in Chile
Deerstalker Warm close-fitting tweed cap designed for hunting in the wet and windy Scottish climate, with brims in front and behind, and ear flaps which can be tied together either over the crown or under the chin; anachronistically associated with Sherlock Holmes.
Fascinator A small hat commonly made with feathers, flowers and/or beads. It attaches to the hair by a comb, headband or clip.
Fedora A soft felt hat with a lengthwise crease
Fez Red felt hat in the shape of a truncated cone
Flat cap A soft, round men's cap with a small brim in front
Gatsby A soft brimmed hat popular in New York after the turn of the century made from eight quarter panels. Also known as a newsboy cap
Gaung Paung The Gaung Paung is part of the traditional attire of many ethnic races inhabiting modern day Myanmar - it is found in most of the Buddhist-professing ethnic groups - the Bamar, Mon people, Rakhine and Shan
Hard hat A helmet predominantly used in workplace environments, such as construction sites, to protect the head from injury by falling objects, debris and bad weather.
Homburg German designed hat
Kepi A French military hat with a flat, circular top and visor.
Kippah or Yarmulke A small close-fitting skullcap worn by religious Jews
Kolpik
Mortarboard Flat, square hat with a tassel worn as part of academic dress
Porkpie Circular, flat topped hat
Panama Straw hat made in Ecuador
Salakot A traditional wide-brimmed hat in the Philippines
Santa Hat A floppy pointed red hat trimmed in white fur traditionally associated with Christmas
Shtreimel A fur hat worn by married Haredi Jewish men
Slouch Generic term covering wide-brimmed felt-crowned hats like those worn by the military and ranchers
Snood A close-fitting net that gathers up the back of a woman's hair
Sombrero A Mexican hat with an unusually wide brim and conical crown
Student cap A cap worn by university students in various European countries.
Top hat A tall, flat-crowned, cylindrical hat worn by men in the 19th and early 20th centuries, now worn only with morning dress or evening dress. Also known as a stovepipe hat.
Trilby A soft felt men's hat with a narrow brim and a deeply indented crown
Tricorne A soft hat with a broad brim, pinned up on either side of the head and at the back, producing a triangular shape
Tudor bonnet A soft round black academic cap, with a tassel hanging from a cord attached to the centre of the top of the hat
Tuque A knitted hat worn in winter usually made from wool or acrylic. Also known as a ski cap or a beanie.
Turban A headdress consisting of a long scarf wound around the head.
Ushanka Russian fur hat with fold down ear flaps
Vueltiao A Colombian hat of woven and sewn black and khaki dried palm braids with indigenous figures.

See also

References

External links

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