(lit. Eight Paradises) commonly refers to a Azali apologetic
text which is particularly critical of the Bahá'í Faith
- a religion that believed the Bábí messianic figure
of He whom God shall make manifest
has already appeared in Bahá'u'lláh
. It is well cited by many polemic
texts against the Bahá'í faith.
Two sons-in-law of Mirza Yahya Azal, namely, Shaykh Ahmad Ruhi and Mirza Aqa Khan Kirmani, are reputed to be the authors, and it was written before 1890
There is another famous Hasht Bihisht
written by Amir Khusro
around 1302 AD. It is based upon an earlier epic poem, the Shahnameh
written by Firdausi
around 1010 AD and a later adaptation, the Haft Paykar
, written around 1197 AD. The Shahnameh
is a very long work spanning many ages of Persian history. Khusro
's Hasht Bihisht
retells just a small portion of the life of Bahram V
Gur and embellishes the original historical but glorified tales with other non-historical elements. Most famously, Khusro appears
to be the first
writer to have added The Three Princes of Serendip
as characters and the story of the alleged camel theft and recovery as a plot element to the more traditional Bahram Gur stories.
In architecture the Hasht Bihist refers to a specific type of floorplan common in Indian Mughal architecture whereby the plan is divided into 8 chambers surrounding a central room.