Hashim ibn Abd Manaf

Hashim ibn Abd Manaf

Hashim ibn Abd al-Manaf (هاشم بن عبد مناف) (died ca. 497) was the great-grandfather of Muhammad and Ali ibn Abi Talib (the first Shia Imam and fourth Sunni Caliph). He also was the originator of the Banu Hashim clan of the distinguished Quraish tribe in Mecca. His grave can be found in Jannatul Mualla cemetery, in Makkah, Saudi Arabia.

His real name was Amr which means ruler/commander, but he was given the nickname Hashim which translates as pulverizer in Arabic - because he initiated the practice of providing crumbled bread in broth for the pilgrims to the Kaaba in Mecca. According to tradition, he was a descendant of Ishmael and thus Ibrahim. He married Salma bint Amr, a woman of Madina. He is said to have died while doing business in Gaza, Palestine in 497. His grave is preserved, and Gaza is also called Ghazzah Hashim or Hashim's Gaza.

He is credited with initiating trade caravans of the Quraish after obtaining an edict from the Byzantine emperor, exempting Quraish from duties or taxes when operating in the countries under his domain. He obtained the same concession from the emperor of Ethiopia. Thus, the Quraish engaged in trade in Yemen, Syria and Ankara which allowed them to flourish economically.

His father was Abd Manaf ibn Qusai and he had two brothers that are known to history, the elder Abd Shams ibn Abd Manaf and a younger brother Muttalib ibn Abd Manaf who would become his successor. According to Ibn Hisham, his sons are:

and his daughters are:

  • Ash-Shifa bint Hashim
  • Khalida bint Hashim
  • Da'ifa bint Hashim
  • Ruqayyah bint Hashim
  • Jannah bint Hashim

He is believed to be a Hanif by Shia Muslims.

Further reading

See also

External links

  • http://al-islam.org/restatement/4.htm

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