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Hardee

Hardee

Hardee, William Joseph, 1815-73, American army officer, Confederate general, b. Camden co., Ga. A graduate of West Point, he served with distinction in the Mexican War and compiled Rifle and Light Infantry Tactics, a standard army textbook of the time (1853-55). In 1856, he was appointed commandant of cadets at West Point. After Georgia seceded, he became a Confederate brigadier general. Hardee joined A. S. Johnston's army and fought at Shiloh (Apr., 1862). He was promoted to lieutenant general in October and was an able corps commander in the Army of Tennessee, fighting at Perryville, Murfreesboro, and Missionary Ridge and in the Atlanta campaign. He commanded against General Sherman in Georgia and South Carolina (1864-65), abandoning Savannah and Charleston to union troops and surrendering to Sherman in North Carolina in Apr., 1865.

See study by N. C. Hughes (1965).

(born Oct. 12, 1815, near Savannah, Ga., U.S.—died Nov. 6, 1873, Whytheville, Va.) U.S. military leader. A graduate of West Point (1838), he wrote Rifle and Light Infantry Tactics (1855), a popular manual that was later used by both sides in the American Civil War. When Georgia seceded in 1861, Hardee resigned his commission and assumed command of Confederate forces in northeastern Arkansas, later demonstrating his military skills at the Battles of Shiloh and Chattanooga. As commander of the military department of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida, he attempted to halt the march of William T. Sherman across Georgia. After the war he retired to his plantation.

Learn more about Hardee, William J(oseph) with a free trial on Britannica.com.

(born Oct. 12, 1815, near Savannah, Ga., U.S.—died Nov. 6, 1873, Whytheville, Va.) U.S. military leader. A graduate of West Point (1838), he wrote Rifle and Light Infantry Tactics (1855), a popular manual that was later used by both sides in the American Civil War. When Georgia seceded in 1861, Hardee resigned his commission and assumed command of Confederate forces in northeastern Arkansas, later demonstrating his military skills at the Battles of Shiloh and Chattanooga. As commander of the military department of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida, he attempted to halt the march of William T. Sherman across Georgia. After the war he retired to his plantation.

Learn more about Hardee, William J(oseph) with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Hardee's is an American fast-food restaurant chain, located mostly in the Midwest United States and Southeast regions. It has evolved through several corporate ownerships since being established in the early-mid 1960s. It is currently owned and operated by CKE Restaurants. Along with its sibling restaurant chain Carl's Jr., Hardee's is the #4 U.S. fast-food restaurant burger chain after McDonald's, Burger King and Wendy's.

Company profile

History

Hardee's founder Wilbur Hardee opened his first restaurant in Greenville, North Carolina in 1960. On the strength of its many menu items including the Huskee, the chain experienced rapid growth by franchising and, to a lesser extent, by acquiring other restaurant chains. The first company store opened in Rocky Mount, North Carolina in May 1961 by James Carson Gardner and Leonard Rawls on McDonald St in downtown Rocky Mount. That location has since been torn down. According to Wilbur Hardee, Gardner and Rawls won a controlling share of the company from him in a game of poker. After realizing that he lost control over his namesake company, Hardee sold his remaining shares to them as well. The chain was headquartered in Rocky Mount until 2001.

The 1960s

Many original Hardee's were built with a hexagonal style building with a pointed roof. In keeping with that theme, for a short period of time, Hardee's hamburgers were actually hexagonal, particularly the quarter-pound patties. Some early locations had lobbies, but almost all were fresco-walk-up style. As of 1965, franchisees had a choice of four different free-standing signs, with the "Home of the Huskee" slogan designated HH-1. Another promised "Jet Service - Charco Broiled" Burgers. Hardee's also started a chain of Restaurants called "Yogi Bear's Fried Chicken" in the Southeast in 1968. The Hartsville, SC location is still open and prospering.

The 1964 menu included: Hamburger 15 cents, Cheeseburger 20 cents, Fries 10 cents, Milk 12 cents, Coffee 10 cents, Coke, Pepsi, Root Beer and Orange, 10 cents and 15 cents, and Milk shake (Chocolate-Strawberry-Vanilla) 20 cents. Strawberry shakes were created from vanilla by addition of a berry syrup which had to be mixed on a spindle. In the late '60's and early '70's Hardee's opened units in West Germany(Hardee's Schnellrast) and Australia in conjunction with Kellogg's (Hartee's)

The 1970s

1970s Hardee's Print Ad

In the early-1970s, the regular menu featured the Big Twin (a two-patty burger with a unique sauce) and the Big Deluxe (a quarter-pound burger with a tangy mayonnaise). Hardee's purchased Sandy's in 1972, but primarily emphasized franchise growth on the strength of its menu. During the 1970s, when Hardee's saw rapid growth the burgers were "charco-broiled" and were cooked in a process using heated "char-rocks" that caused the fat content dripping off the cooking beef to ignite for a distinctive "flame-broiled" taste. The charco-broiling process was discontinued throughout the '80s and '90s. Charbroiling (minus the rocks) was reintroduced in 2001 with the addition of their Thickburger menu.

Television advertising campaigns in the early 1970s included cartoon characters of a '49er, "Gilbert Giddyup", and his nemesis, a purple-coated villain named "Speedy McGreedy". Radio adverts featured "Mama Cass" Elliot singing the jingle "Hurry on down to Hardee's, where the burgers are charco broiled!" The ads were pulled after her death.

The 1980s and 1990s

Hardee's has had numerous specialties as part of their menu. For a time they were a competitor to Arby's for roast beef sandwiches. Later Hardees entered into competition with fried chicken on its menu. Hardee's was purchased by Imasco in 1981. They also own Imperial Tobacco(Canada),People's Drugs(USA),Shoppers's Drug Mart(Canada) and The Tinder Box.

Hardee's was affected by the buy-out phenomena of the 1980s. A new management team in the early 1980s seeking to cut costs immediately changed the signature burger recipe. When sales declined, the chain eliminated altogether the flagship menu items of the Big Twin and the Big Deluxe. The Hardee's of the 1980s and '90s was frequently criticized for its very low hamburger quality. The chain had over 4000 units by 1992. The chain leveraged itself to acquire Burger Chef in 1982 and Roy Rogers in 1990. Several Hardee's locations closed in the 1990s, however, as the chain faltered.

For a short time in the early 1990s, Hardee's outlets sold the popular fried chicken recipe acquired from Roy Rogers, which Hardee's claimed in their advertisements beat KFC in a taste test, 63 to 37. However, they had only compared it to KFC's Original Recipe, thus giving KFC a clever counter-advertisement in which they claim that their Extra Tasty Crispy chicken beat Hardee's chicken. Hardee's locations in southeastern North Carolina still serve chicken today, as well as the traditional sides such as mashed potatoes & gravy, cole slaw, and biscuits. At one point the chain expanded to over 4,000 locations in the United States, but the chain has contracted to less than 2,000 in recent years. They also owned Rax Roast Beef for a limited time.

An Experimental Hardee's existed in Rocky Mount, North Carolina until 2005. This Hardee's is where menu items tried out to test market appeal, as well as restaurant designs and amenities. Menu items featured constantly changed, featuring such things as buffets, pizza, philly cheesesteaks, unique ice cream flavors, and pasta. The interior featured a lounge area with sofas and chairs, a television, and children's toys. On the outside there was a playground similar to those at McDonald's restaurants.

Hardee's today

In 1997, the chain was acquired by CKE Restaurants, the parent company of the Carl's Jr. fast-food restaurant chain. (Imasco retained the few remaining Roy Rogers locations, though CKE is reported to do some supplying of them). Over time, some Hardee's restaurants were converted to serve higher-quality hamburgers and other products available from Carl's Jr., and also took on the Carl's Jr. star logo in the process. Some locations were simply fully-rebranded Carl's Jr., this was a year after Wendy's and Tim Hortons purchased most of the Hardee's stores in Michigan.

CKE Restaurants has been dual branding some Hardee's locations with Red Burrito, similar to its Green Burrito/Carl's Jr. dual brand concept. This is a similar strategy used by Yum! Brands with its KFC, Pizza Hut, Taco Bell, and Long John Silvers concepts to help expand brands without the additional expense of new buildings and land.

Hardee's has found a niche market in smaller towns that may lack franchises of the other major hamburger chains. Hardee's closed its restaurants in Hong Kong on December 27, 2006 due to problems with franchising rights.

On March 12, 2007 the first ever franchised Hardee's restaurant (located in Rocky Mount, North Carolina) was demolished to make room for a veterans memorial park named after Jack Laughery, a former Hardee's executive and US army veteran.

CKE Restaurants has been announced that Hardee's will expand up to about 37 Eastern U.S. states, which marks the chain to operate over 4,000 restaurants by the end of 2008.

Controversies, disputes and legal issues

Burger Chef Copyright Challenge

In January, 2007 Hardee's had a challenge filed against it with the U.S. Patents and Trademarks Office by River West Brands, LLC of Chicago for the use of the Burger Chef trademark and name. Shortly thereafter, Hardee's reissued the Burger Chef Big Shef sandwich in Terre Haute, Indiana as a trial offering and later in other Indiana, Ohio and Missouri markets for a limited time. The reissue of the Big Shef has also utilized the Burger Chef name and logo in advertisements in the markets it is being offered. The claim was to provide Burger Chef fans with their Big Shef "fix". Some claim, however, that the move is an attempt by CKE and Hardee's to prohibit the revival of the Burger Chef franchise. The trademark case is still pending.

Hardee's vs. Harvey's

Hardee's expansion into Canada (under the Hardee's name) has been prevented by a trademark dispute with Canada's Harvey's burger chain. Hardee's is, however, free to open stores in Canada under the Carl's Jr. name.

Advertising

In the early days of the take-over by CKE, Hardee's began to use the anthropomorphic smiling star logo that Carl's Jr. had used for many years. "The Hardee's Star", as it was now called, appeared in a series of commercials played by a dwarf in a costume likeness of the star. Norm Macdonald provided the voice for the Hardee's Star. For a time, many Hardee's locations even gave out free antenna toppers in the shape of the recently adopted star. The star remains Hardee's logo, but the mascot ceased appearing in the commercials with the advent of the Thickburger campaign. A new Hardee's logo was unveiled in 2006 that featured script lettering and further minimized the smiling star icon. In 1990 Hardee's was a sponsor on one of the cars in the movie Days of Thunder.

Thickburger campaign

Early commercials during the Thickburger campaign made a point of acknowledging and apologizing for the poor quality of Hardee's past cuisine and service. Later commercials demonstrated adults attempting to fit their mouths around the large Thickburger. One of the first commercials featured former Major League Baseball slugger Mark McGwire advertising the Thickburger.

Advertising controversies

Hardee's cavalier marketing is not simply confined to burgers. Recent ads for its chicken products state that "we have chicken breast strips because scientists have proven chickens don't have nuggets" and another for its 1/3-pound chicken breast sandwich where a chicken walks around with a black "censored" bar over where its breasts would be if it was a human to burlesque music.

In 2005, Carl's Jr. and Hardee's aired a controversial commercial featuring hotel heiress Paris Hilton washing a Bentley in a skimpy bikini while striking poses and eating a burger in a sensuous manner. Carl's Jr. aired the ad first, and Hardee's soon followed.

Children's advertising

Although the franchise would come to humorously criticize such concepts, Hardee's has conceived several memorable Kids' Meal toys throughout the past few decades. The 1980s featured popular, nonposeable figures of the Smurfs as well as Beach Bunnies. Renditions of other cartoon characters would later premiere, including the Ghostbusters and Nickelodeon characters.

Other popular licenses were garnered as well. Marvel Comics characters would be featured in the 1990 Marvel Super Hero Vehicles collection. And in the summer of 2000, DC Comics' DC Super Heroes finally found a spot in the Hardee's toy scene.

Possibly the most well known Hardee's premiums, however, would be the Dancin' Singin' California Raisins. Several collections of the nonposeable figures were produced in 1987, 1988, 1991, and once again in 2001. Traditionally, they would be available with the purchase of Hardee's cinnamon raisin biscuits.

Hardee's also marketed special Super Bowl celebratory pins in the early 1990s.

Slogans

  • It's How You Cook 'Em That Counts (60's-early 70's)
  • Hurry On Down to Hardees - Where the Burgers are Charcobroiled (60's -early 70's)
  • Hardee's - Best Eatin' in Town, Up and Down and All Around (late 70's)
  • Hardee's - Where Good People Go for Good Food (1984)
  • We're out to win you over. (1989)
  • Are You Ready for Some Real Food? [early 1990s; featuring Hank Williams Jr. singing to the tune of the longtime MNF theme (itself derived from 1984's "All My Rowdy Friends Are Coming Over Tonight")].
  • Fresh from the kitchen at Hardee's. (mid 1990s)
  • Hardee's - Where the food's the star. (post 1997)

Products and Nutrition

Monster Thickburger

The Monster Thickburger is a type of double-bacon cheeseburger with mayonnaise. The burger contains 1,410 Calories (5,900 kJ), 107 grams of fat, and 2740 mg of sodium.

Ingredients include a sesame-seed bun, mayonnaise, bacon, cheese, butter-flavored shortening and two patties of ground beef made from Angus cattle for a total of 2/3 lb (300 g uncooked) of meat.

The marketing of this burger may represent a neo-comfort food movement against alarms raised by nutritionists about an obesity epidemic. In an interview on CNBC, Hardee's CEO Andrew Puzder said the sandwich was "not a burger for tree huggers." The burger was also parodied on an episode of the Late Show with David Letterman when the "CEO of Hardee's" came out to talk about the then-new Monster Thickburger to David Letterman, only to die from a heart attack after just taking one bite. Nevertheless, sales for the 2,067-restaurant chain have risen steadily since the introduction of the Thickburger family in 2003, with same-store sales up 7.8% annually.

The Monster Thickburger is based on the Monster Burger, which had similar ingredients but was the size of a double quarter pounder instead of two-thirds of a pound.

Breakfast

While Hardee's has experienced extensive changes in its lunch and dinner menus over the years, its breakfast menu has remained largely unchanged. As a result, Hardee's still retains significant customer loyalty. The average Hardee's restaurant generates 40 to 45 percent of its business from breakfast, and the median age of its breakfast customers is 45, as it is particularly popular among the elderly in the Southeastern states.

The core of the Hardee's breakfast menu are its biscuit sandwiches, reflecting the southern origins of this chain. The meats on these biscuit sandwiches vary regionally. Most Hardee's biscuits have traditional fare such as a sausage, bacon, or ham. More unusual biscuits with chicken fried steak, pork chop, and smoked sausage can be found in the southeast, but are more difficult to find in Hardee's outside this region. Hardee's also features buscuits and gravy on its breakfast menu.

In 2002, CKE Restaurants removed several of the breakfast items from the menu, including the popular cinnamon raisin biscuit, in an attempt to focus Hardee's on its new burger menu like its sister restaurant, Carl's Jr. Customers were upset by this, and the restaurant experienced less business as its eastern customers still hadn't fully conformed to the burger menu. A year later, the removed items were returned to the menu, and Hardee's advertised the re-additions on regional television.

Low-carb

Hardee's features low-carb menu items for breakfast and lunch/dinner.

Global locations

Countries currently with Hardee's :

  • , states currently with Hardee's

* Alabama
* Arkansas
* Colorado
* Delaware
* Florida
* Georgia
* Illinois
* Indiana
* Iowa
* Kansas
* Kentucky
* Maryland
* Michigan
* Minnesota
* Mississippi
* Missouri
* Montana
* Nebraska
* New York
* North Carolina
* North Dakota
* Ohio
* Oklahoma
* Pennsylvania
* South Carolina
* South Dakota
* Tennessee
* Virginia
* West Virginia
* Wisconsin
* Wyoming

Countries formerly with Hardee's:

See also

Other fast-food burger restaurants

References

  • Historical, promotional franchise materials, on display in lobby of Hardee's, Chipley, Florida as of 27 December 2006. Sign options drawing by Allen Displays, dated 29 December 1964.

External links

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