Hanumatodi

Hanumatodi

Hanumatodi, more popularly known as Todi, (sanskrit , tamil ஹனுமத்தோடி) is a rāgam (musical scale), in Carnatic music (South Indian classical music). It is the 8th Melakarta rāgam (parent rāgam) in the 72 melakarta rāgam system.

This is sung very often in concerts. It is known to be a difficult raga to perform in owing to its complexity in prayoga (notes phrases and intonation).

Todi in Carnatic music, is different from the rāgam Todi (thaat) of Hindustani music (North Indian classical music). The equivalent of the Hindustani raga Todi in Carnatic music is Subhapanthuvarali (which is the 45th melakartha) .

Structure and Lakshana

It is the 2nd melakarta in the 2nd chakra Netra. The mnemonic name is Netra-Sri. The mnemonic phrase is sa ra gi ma pa dha ni .

Its structure is as follows (see swaras in Carnatic music page for details on below notation and terms):

  • : S R1 G2 M1 P D1 N2 S
  • : S N2 D1 P M1 G2 R1 S

(Suddha Rishabham, Sadharana Gandharam, Suddha Madhyamam, Suddha Dhaivatham, Kaisiki Nishadham)

It is a sampoorna rāgam - rāgam having all 7 swarams.

Janya rāgams

Hanumatodi has a quite a few janya rāgams (derived rāgams) associated with it, of which Asaveri, Bhoopalam, Dhanyasi, Punnagavarali and Suddha Seemandhini are popular.

See List of Janya Ragas for a full list of Todi's janyas.

Popular Compositions

Most composers have composed songs in Todi .

Taye Yashoda by the great composer Oottukkadu Venkata Kavi is a very well known composition, in the Tamil language. This popular kriti is sung frequently in various concerts. A popular varnam in the Todi raga is Era Napai by Patnam Subramania Iyer, one of the most important composers in the Indian musical tradition.

Other popular compositions are:

Kadhanu vaariki, Dasu kovalena and Gati Neevani by Thyagaraja
Karthikeya Gangeya and Thamatham aen swami by Papanasam Sivan

Related rāgams

This section covers the theoretical and scientific aspect of this rāgam.

Todi's notes when shifted using Graha bedham, yields 5 other major Melakarta rāgams, namely, Kalyani, Sankarabharanam, Natabhairavi, Kharaharapriya and Harikambhoji. For further details and an illustration of Graha bedham of this rāgam refer Related rāgams section in Sankarabharanam page.

References

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