2 Town (1990 pop. 9,212), Grafton co., SW N.H. on the Connecticut river across from Vt.; settled 1765, inc. 1769. The town is the seat of Dartmouth College and Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center. Hanover is a cultural and recreational center and has many fine colonial homes.
See A. Redman, The House of Hanover (1960, repr. 1968).
City (pop., 2002 est.: city, 516,415; metro. area, 996,586), capital of Lower Saxony state, northwestern Germany. Located on the Leine River, it is first mentioned in documents in AD 1100. It joined the Hanseatic League in 1386. From 1495 it belonged to the Welf dynasty (later the house of Hanover). It was the capital of the kingdom of Hanover (1815–66) and then was annexed by Prussia. Hannover became the capital of Lower Saxony in 1946. It suffered destruction in World War II but was rebuilt, and it is now an educational, financial, and commercial centre with highly diversified industries.
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The primary settlement in Hanover, where over 75% of the town's population resides, is defined as the Hanover census-designated place (CDP) and contains the areas around Dartmouth College and the intersections of New Hampshire Routes 10, 10A, and 120.
Hanover is one of the small number of towns that travellers must pass through while hiking the Appalachian Trail. The town is also the home of the US Army Corps of Engineers Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (CRREL).
Hanover, New Hampshire, was chartered in 1761, and its first inhabitants arrived in 1765. At one point in its history, the southwest corner of Hanover was known as Dresden, and in the 1780s, Dresden was one of a group of neighboring New Hampshire communities that briefly defected to Vermont, when the Republic of Vermont was independent. For a time, Dresden was the capital of the Republic. This status was short-lived after various political posturing. As a result, Vermont rejected the communities' defections, and they were returned to New Hampshire in the US. One remnant of this era is that the name "Dresden" is still used in the Dresden School District, an interstate school district serving both Hanover and Norwich, Vermont. Hanover has been home to Dartmouth College since 1769.
The tap water of downtown Hanover is supplied by several local reservoirs. In recent years, the town has spent over $20 million to upgrade main water lines, and will undergo another $6 million project to build a new water treatment plant. Because some of the older, smaller pipes in town are still made of cast-iron, some tap water is discolored and fishy smelling, but nonetheless potable. Outside the downtown area, residents rely on private wells that are not maintained by the town.
There were 2,832 households out of which 31.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.7% were married couples living together, 4.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.8% were non-families. 25.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.96.
In the town the population was spread out with 15.1% under the age of 18, 37.6% from 18 to 24, 16.6% from 25 to 44, 17.1% from 45 to 64, and 13.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 23 years. For every 100 females there were 99.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.5 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $72,470, and the median income for a family was $99,158. Males had a median income of $63,409 versus $35,771 for females. The per capita income for the town was $30,393. About 0.6% of families and 9.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including none of those under age 18 and 3.0% of those age 65 or over.
There were 1,829 households out of which 26.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.8% were married couples living together, 4.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 47.1% were non-families. 30.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.95.
In the CDP the population was spread out with 11.1% under the age of 18, 49.0% from 18 to 24, 14.5% from 25 to 44, 12.0% from 45 to 64, and 13.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 22 years. For every 100 females there were 98.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.6 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $62,143, and the median income for a family was $90,548. Males had a median income of $56,667 versus $35,682 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $26,426. About 1.0% of families and 14.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including none of those under age 18 and 4.6% of those age 65 or over.