(ایبٹ آباد) is a district
in the North-West Frontier Province
is the principal town of this district. Neighbouring districts are Mansehra
to the North, Muzaffarabad
to the east, Haripur
to the west, and Rawalpindi
to the South.
Origin of name
The district is named after Major James Abbott
, the first deputy commissioner of Hazara (1849 - 1853).
During British rule Abbottabad became the capital of Hazara District, which was named after and contained the Hazara valley, a small valley in the outermost Himalayas
, between the Indus
in the west and Kashmir
in the east.
The current Abbottabad District was originally a tehsil of Hazara, the Imperial Gazetteer of India described it as follows:
Tahsīl of Hazāra District, North-West Frontier Province, lying between 33º49' and 34º 22' N. and 72º55' and 73º 31' E., with an area of 715 square miles. It is bounded on the east by the Jhelum, which divides it from Pūnch and the Punjab District of Rawalpindi; and it comprises part of the mountain valleys drained by the Dor and Harroh rivers, together with the hill country eastward. The hill-sides to the north and north-east are covered with timber forest. The population in 1901 was 194,632, compared with 175,735 in 1891. It contains the towns of ABBOTTABAD (population, 7,764), the tahsil and District head-quarters, and NAWASHAHR (4,114); and 359 villages. The land revenue and cesses amounted in 1903-4 to Rs. 97,000.|
As Hazara District covered a large area, the Government of the NWFP decided for administrative purposes to divide Hazara into Abbottabad, Mansehra, Kohistan, Haripur and Batagram districts. In 1981 Hazara was divided and Abbottabad was formed as a district with two tehsils. In 1981 the total area of District Abbottabad was 3,665 square miles with a population of 977,212. Tehsil Abbottabad (a sub division of the district) - had an area of 1,802 square mile and a population of 667,328 including 51% of Circle Bakote. In 1990 the total population of the district was 1,425,032 including Circle Bakote 43%.
Earthquake of 2005
In October 2005, the district was hit by an earthquake, nine Union Councils were badly hit, these were Dalola, Boi, Bakot, Pattan Kalan, Nambal, Berote, Kukmong, Palak and Beerangali located across the two rivers Jehlum and Kunhar.
According to the 1998 census of Pakistan the population of the district was 0.88 million - and according to an estimate this had risen to 1.05 million in 2008. The main tribes are the Abbasies
, and the Syeds
Notable Residents of the Abbottabad District
- Mehtab Ahmed Khan - Ex Chief Minister N.W.F.P, Senator PML "N
- Yasir Hameed
- Sardar Ghulam Nabi Khan (late)
- Mr. Justice Sardar Muhammad Raza Khan (Judge, Supreme Court of Pakistan)
- Amanullah Khan Jadoon - Ex-Minister Of Petroleum
- Sardar Haider Zaman - District Nazim.
- Mushtaq Ahmed Ghani - MPA of N.W.F.P
- Col Mustafa Khan Jadoon - Ex District Nazim of Abbottabad
- Ayub Afridi - Ex Provincial Minister
- Dr.Syed Mehboob - researcher, writer and columnist
- Naseer Ahmed Adam Boi - EX Humanitarian Worker International Committee of The Red Cross Geneva Muzaffarabad , Administrator Axact Islamabad
- M Junaid Ahmad Khan Tanoli - current district Nazim.
(3,313m) and Mukeshpuri
are the highest peaks in Nathia Gali
in this district.
Parks and Protected Areas
Under the NWFP Wildlife (Protection, Preservation, Conservation and Management) Act of 1975, two areas have been designated with the district: Ayubia National Park and Qalanderabad game reserve. Both areas cover only 6% of the landed area of the district.
Ayubia National Park
Established in 1984, this park covers an area of over 3,312 ha.
Qalanderabad game reserve
Established in 1980 with an area of 8,940ha.
Some of the minerals mined within the district are barite
, red ochre
and red oxide
Abbottabad district is divided into two tehsils, Abbottabad and Havelian as well as one urban administration area - Nawanshehr.
There are fifty-one Union Councils in the district, 35 in Abbottabad tehsil and 16 in Havelian. These are:
The district is represented in the provincial assembly
by five elected MPAs who represent the following constituencies:
|| Party |
| PF-44 (Abbottabad-1)
|| Inayatullah Khan Jadoon
|| PML N |
| PF-45 (Abbottabad-2)
|| Sardar Shamun Ahmed Khan
|| PML N |
| PF-46 (Abbottabad-3)
|| Haji Qalandar Khan Lodhi
|| PML Q |
| PF-47 (Abbottabad-4)
|| Sardar Aurangzeb Khan Nalotha
|| PML N |
| PF-48 (Abbottabad-5)
|| Muhammad Javed Abbasi
|| PML N |
The district is represented in the National Assembly
by two elected MNAs who represent the following constituencies:
|| Party |
| NA-17 (Abbottabad-I)
|| Mehtab Ahmed Khan
|| PML-N |
| NA-18 (Abbottabad-II)
|| Murtaza Javed Abbasi
|| PML-N |
With the announcement by the Election commission of Pakistan that elections would be held on the 8th January, 2008 more than a dozen candidates filed their nomination papers in Abbottabad.
NA 17 Candidates
Candidates from NA 17 or Circle Bakote who participating in National Assembly contest is one dozen but no female. Pakistan Muslim League (Q), Pakistan Muslim League (N), MMA, JUI (F), JUI (S) and Motahidda Qumi Movement. Other candidates are independent and they may withdraw in last moment of election in favors of any favorites. Those who are filed their nomination papers are Ex-Chief Minister NWFP Mehtab Ahmed Khan with covering candidate Sardar Mumtaz Abbasi (His brother in law) both on NA 17 and PF 45, Ex-Federal Minister Aman-u-llah Khan Jadoon with covering candidate Ali Khan Jadoon, Habib-u-Rahman Abbasi, Shammaroz Khan Jadoon, Syed Saeed Khalid, Saeed Abbasi both on NA 17 and PF 45, Raja Oranzeb Khan, Ghulam Mustafa Qureshi, Yousaf Shah and Ghzanfer Ali Abbasi.
NA 18 Candidates
Former Deputy Speaker National Assembly Sardar Muhammad Yaqoob is among 21 candidates who filed their nomination papers from NA-18, Abbottabad 2. Others include Sardar Mushtaq, Sardar Raja Khan, Chaudhry Faisal, Waheed Akhter Tanoli, Sardar Muhammad Riaz, Sardar Sher Bahadur Khan, Qazi Muhammad Azhar, Sardar Muhammad Idrees, Ejaz Zar Khan, Murtaza Javed Abbasi, Syed Abdul Rahim Shah, Shoukat Ali Tanoli, Sardar Gul Khitab, Abdul Ghaffar Javed, Muhammad Javed Abbasi, Sardar Aurangzeb, Naseer Ahmed Sultan Tanoli, Khurshid Azam Khan, Sikandar Azam Khan and Tahir Javed Abbasi.
MurtazaJaved Abbasi the son of JAWAID IQBAL ABBASI(LATE)X MNA/SENATOR win this election.
PF 44 Candidates
Fifteen candidates have filed nomination papers from PF-44 which include former provincial minister Shamaroz Khan Jadoon, former MPA Mushtaq Ahmed Jehanzeb Khan Jadoon, Qazi Muhammad Arshad, Sardar Zakir Hussain, Samiullah Khan Jadoon, Ghulam Mustafa Khan, Inayatullah Khan, Fazal-ur-Rehman, Malik Abdul Farooq, Raja Aurangzeb, Gul Khan Jadoon Advocate, Humayun Khan, Ghulam Mustafa and Yousaf Shah. For PF-45, 19 candidates have filed nomination papers including former chief minister NWFP Mehtab Ahmed Khan PML(N), former MPA Sardar Mumtaz Abbasi, Abdur-Rehman Abbasi, Sardar Muhammad Haseeb Abbasi Adv Pakistan Peoples Party, Shahid Ali Abbasi, Saeed Abbasi, Amir Qureshi, Sahibzada Muhammad Qasim, Sahibzada Muhammad Azhar PML (Q), Zulfiqar Abbasi, Mst Nageena Afzal, Muhammad Zareed Qureshi, Habib-ur-Rehman Abbasi, Sardar Ali Zaman , Moulana Muhammad Usman Abbasi, Abdul Jabbar Abbasi. Muhammad Akram Abbasi, Ghazanfar Ali Abbasi and Sultan Mehmood Abbasi.
PF 45 Candidates
From provincial Assembly constituency PF 45 more than 19 candidates will be contesting the general elections 2008. Five including one female candidates from UC Birote are contesting in elections for the first time in Hazara history. Other candidates belonged to UC Malkot (4), UC Bakote (4), Boi (1), Dalola (1) and Palak (1). There is no candidate of JUP (S) in PF 45, other parties as Pakistan People Party, MMA, PML (N) and (Q) are strong in this constituency and these political parties are in contact with independent candidates as seven. Circle Bakote is home of Dhond Abbasies as majority feudal tribe therefore tribalism play a main role in political process. Other tribes are also possessed political weight as Ghulam Mustafa Qureshi is contesting on ticket of MQM. Those all candidates who are contesting election including Abdu-Rehman Abbasi, Sahibzada Pir Mohammed Azhar Bakoti
PML(Q) and his son Sahibzada Pir Mohammed Qasim Bakoti as covering candidate, Sardar Hasib Abbasi ADV (PPP), Shahid Ali Abbasi, Saeed Abbasi (founder of SASA School System and chief of Jamat Islami Circle Bakote), Zulfiqar Abbasi (Founder of SEEDA School System), Mrs. Nagina Afzal (daughter in law of ex-chairman UC Birote Haji Aazam Khan), Ex-Chief Minister Mehtab Ahmed Khan
PML(N) and Sardar Mumtaz Abbasi as covering candidate, Habib-u-Rehaman Abbasi, Sardar Ali Zaman, Usman Abbasi, Akram Abbasi and Sultan Mehmood Abbasi,shahazada Rizwan Khan.
PF 46 Candidates
Twenty four candidates have filed nomination papers from provincial assembly constituency PF-46, which include Sahibzada Muhammad Ahmed, Masood-ur-Rehman Tanoli, Sohail Ayub Tanoli, Sabir Tanoli, Dildar Khan, Arshad Iqbal, Pir Khan Tanoli, Abdul Ghafoor, Qalandar Khan Lodhi, Abdul Mehmood, Malik Muhammad Sarwar Khan, Muhammad Ishfaque, Dr. Qazi Adnan Bashir, Iftikhar Khan Tanoli, Ghulam Mustafa Jadoon, Waqas Ahmed, Qaiser Zaman Afridi, Syed Abdur Rahim Shah, Muhammad Saeed, Malik Manzoor Hussain Advocate, Shoukat Ali Tanoli Advocate, Asad Khan Advocate, Javed Khan Tanoli and Zahoor Khan Jadoon.
For PF-47, 17 candidates have filed nomination papers including Nisar Safdar Khan, Sardar Aurangzeb Nalotha, Moulana Fazal-ur-rehman Madni, Sardar Sheraz Afzal, Qazi Muhammad Azhar Advocate, Ejaz Zar Khan, Shabir Khan Advocate, Sardar Pervez Sarwar , Khurshid Azam Khan, Ishtiaq Azam Khan, Sher Bahadur Khan, Sardar Aurangzeb, Waheed Akhter Tanoli, Muhammad Rafique, Malik Zeeshan, Sikandar-e-Azam and Sardar Riaz Khan.
In provincial assembly constituency PF-48, 24 candidates have filed nomination papers including former provincial minister Sardar Muhammad Idrees, Raja Khan, Sajjad Ahmed khan, Abdur Razzaq Abbasi, Haq Nawaz Abbasi, Haji Iqbal, Shahid Nawaz Khan, Sardar Yaqoob, Naheed Gul Abbasi, Riaz Khan, Mrs Sajida Masood, Malik Jehanzeb, Liaquat Ali Abbasi, Sardar Waqar Nabi Sardar Waqar Nabi for MPA
, Sardar Ijlal Nabi, Muhammad Javed Abbasi, Abdul Shakoor Abbasi, Sardar Hameed Gul, Sardar Muhammad Idrees, Abdul Razzaq Abbasi, Sardar Fazal-ur-Rehman, Yasir Akhtar, Murtaza Javed Abbasi and Syed Naseer Hussain Shah.
Places of interest
the capital city of the district was founded in 1853 by James Abbott, since then it has been an important military cantonment
Ayubia Chair Lifts
is 38 km east of Abbottabad. A cluster of four small hill stations of Khanspur
and Ghora Dhaka
, is called Ayubia and was named after former President Ayub Khan
. The complex is spread over an area of 26 KM. The central place has chair lifts.
Dungagali is a small resort situated on the slopes of the Mukshpuri hill (2,376 metres). It commands a view of a series of wooded spurs projecting towards the river Jhelum on the western side. From Dungagali one can climb the 2,813 metres peak of Mukhshpuri, which is the highest point in the range. Natural springs abound on the slopes. It is 34 KM from Abbottabad.
Nathiagali is clad in pine, walnut, oak and maple trees. It can be approached both from Murree and Abbottabad. It is 32 KM from Abbottabad as well as from Murree
. Nathiagali is 2493 meter above sea level and is surrounded by mountains.
Thandiani meaning “cold” in the local language, It is one of the highest places of district Abbottabad at an altitude of 2,700 m. It is 31km from Abbottabad City. The drive takes more or less 80 minutes from Abbottabad with lovely views on both sides of the road. The road rises more than 1,219 metres above Abbottabad. En route from Abbottabad (23km), the main settlement is the village of Kalapani
. Hule Ka Danna is about 2km north of Thandiani.The Thandiani in on the way between Abbottab and Pattn Kalan.The view of Pattan Kalan and other adjioning area can be seen from Thandiani.
Marhes some 14 Kilometer from Thandiani , a mountain place from whare we can see Abbottabad ,Mansehra ,Muzaffarabad. Merhas located in Boi a border line between Muzaffarabad and Abbottabad. The drive takes more then 2 hours from Abbottabad. This is totally forest area, some wild life also presendt , travelling near bank of River Kunhar from Balakot to Boi and the 6 kilometer on mountains areas.