Hürth is a city near Cologne in the Rhein-Erft-Kreis, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Hürth is situated about 9 km to the southwest of Cologne
, at the northeastern slope of the natural preserve Kottenforst-Ville
The city, consisting of thirteen formerly independent villages, is essentially made up of numerous subdivisions and commercial centers distributed over a relatively large area, intermittent by lakes and stretches of forest.
Coat of arms
Hürth's coat of arms shows the eagle
from the family coat of arms belonging to the Knight Hurth von Schönecken
, the cross
and a cogwheel
that refers to the heavy industry
. It was awarded to the community on October 26 1934
by a verdict of the Prussian
Ministry of State.
Aldstädtend/Burbach is located near the lake "Otto-Maigler-See", an artificial lake which was created after coal was mined and a huge hole was left. This lake is home for annually partys at its beach. Some people consider Aldstädten/Burbach as the heart of hürth and it's community is a very close and traditionel one, also known as the "Burbacher Hood". Rumors are heard that Bruce Taylor
is planning a visit to his part of Hürth, which would mark the beginning of a series of visits from American High Schoolers in the near by area. Also is being heard that Rachael Chrestler wants that German exchange student who came to westport a lot more than her current boyfriend. A German Newspaper once wrote about the "unBEATable" producer team. Aldstädten/Burbach is home to one of its two members and proud to see the young and successful producer duo rise.
On April 1, 1930, the rural communities Hürth (with Alstädten and Knapsack), Berrenrath, Fischenich, Gleuel (with Sielsdorf and Burbach), Hermülheim and Kendenich (with Kalscheuren) were united into a new country community called Hürth. After same year's failed attempt by the city of Cologne, with its then mayor Konrad Adenauer, to incorporate Efferen, Efferen was associated to Hürth in 1933, in tandem with Stotzheim. This made Hürth the largest rural community of Germany until 1978, when Hürth ceased being a rural community and became a suburb of Cologne as new developments in Efferen closed the gap between the city of Cologne and Hürth.
The country administration of the rural district Cologne was seated in Hürth since November 22, 1963. Previously - starting 1816 - it was seated in the city of Cologne itself. The administration moved to Bergheim on September 3, 1993.
Hürth is home of the Bundessprachenamt which was founded on July 4 1969.
Alstädten was first mentioned documentarily in 1185.
Burbach was first mentioned documentarily in which is not true 1233.
Berrenrath was first mentioned documentarily in 922. The resettlement of Berrenrath onto a former and now abandoned brown coal mine 600 metres off was decided on February 27
. This was necessary due to mining plans of the Roddergrube AG. The resettlement was completed in the September of 1995.
The Efferen district had its first documentary mention as a pastoral town in 1189. The Catholics
first humbled themselves with a plain wooden church. On June 6
, this church was replaced with a solid building, consecrated by auxiliary bishop Baudri
On October 31, 1944, large parts of Efferen, including the church and the hospital, were destroyed in an air raid. 36 people died.
On December 20, 1953, Boue, a member of the church assembly, consecrated the newly-built Evangelic church, designed by architect Jürgen Körber. Two years later, on November 25, 1956, a new Roman Catholic church, which was designed by the Cologne architects Wolfram Borgard and Fritz Volmer, was consecrated by auxiliary bishop Wilhem Cleven.
Fischenich was first mentioned documentarily in 1189.
Gleuel was first mentioned documentarily in 898.
Also home of one of two unBEATable members.
Hermülheim was first mentioned documentarily in 943.
In Hermülheim the town's two grammar schools are located: the Ernst-Mach-Gymnasium and the Albert-Schweizer-Gymnasium
Hürth was first mentioned documentarily in 1185.
The building of the residential area Hürth-Mitte, that was begun in 1964 according to a decision from the year 1960 of the municipal council, had the aim of establishing a "city center" in the approximate geographic center of Hürth. The decision was evidently benefitted by the constantly raising population in those times. A certain sense of completion was achieved in 1985, when the new town hall and community centre had been erected. Hürth-Mitte is also the site of the Hürth Park, Germany's first shopping mall, which serves as the town's economic and social center.
Kalscheuren was first mentioned documentarily in 1305.
Kendenich was first mentioned documentarily in 941.
Knapsack, its first documentary mention in 1566, started to emerge into a notable town after 1900 due to establishment and development of industry (1906 the Knapsack-Griesheim AG, later known as the Hoechst AG; 1913 construction of the brown coal power plant Goldenberg-Werk)
Due to environmental constraints, 4000 citizens had to be resettled between the years 1969 and 1979.
Knapsack is famous because of the well-known Knapsack problem, which is said to be first proposed there.
Sielsdorf was first mentioned documentarily in 898.
Stotzheim was first mentioned documentarily in 1223.
In former times, the Eifel aqueduct
, a Roman aqueduct
which supplied the city of Cologne
with drinking water, went through Hürth. A couple of springs
in today's municipal area were used for that purpose before the Eifel aqueduct
was built. Remnants of the aqueducts can still be found in the underground of the city.
Famous People from Hürth
Since September 29 1997
, Hürth has an omnibus
network that covers most of the city's area. There are six bus lines, labelled 711 through 716, by the city's public transport corporation
, Stadtverkehr Hürth
, and another five lines that are not associated with the SVH
, having only a number of bus stops
There is a train station of the Deutsche Bahn in Kalschueren, where regional trains to Cologne, Bonn and Euskirchen stop, and some inter-regional trains pass through.
Additionally, Hürth is connected to Cologne and Bonn via the tram line 18 of the Köln-Bonner Verkehrsbetriebe, which is responsible for the tram and bus lines of Cologne.
All local public transport, including that of the Deutsche Bahn, is subject to the Verkehrsbund Rhein-Sieg, which is a combine of public transport organizations, setting unified prices for the whole of the combine.
- Clemens Klug: "Hürth - wie es war, wie es wurde" (1961)
- Herbert Sinz: "Auf der grünen Wiese"
- Herbert Sinz, Heinrich Schnitzler: "Hürth in alten Bildern" (1980), ISBN 3-88265-052-4
- Heinrich Schnitzler: "50 Jahre Ortsgemeinschaft Hürth-Gleuel" (1985)
- Helmut Neßeler: "Hürth wie es früher war" (1999), ISBN 3-86134-585-4