Guang'an is a prefecture-level city in eastern Sichuan province. It is most famous as the birthplace of China's former paramount leader Deng Xiaoping. Guang'an lies between the hills of central Sichuan and the gorges area of the east. Because of its strategic location, it is called the gateway to eastern Sichuan.

Geography and climate

Guang'an is located on a gradually rising section along the edge of the Sichuan Basin. The area is 6344 km². The eastern part of Guang'an is mountainous, the central part hilly, and the western part is relatively flat. The elevation ranges from only 185 to 1704 meters above sea-level. The main rivers are the Qu (渠江) through the center of the area and the Jialing (嘉陵江) through the west.

The climate is temperate and the weather is monsoonal. The average temperature is between 15.8° and 17.7°C. Winters are warm and summers are hot. The average rainfall is between 1000-1500 mm. Annual number of days without frost is between 310-324. Winter and spring have relatively little rain while in summer there are heavy rain showers. Autumns have almost constant rain and light wind.


Guang'an has 1 city, 3 counties, 87 towns, and 2886 villages with a total population of 4,443,000.





Guang'an's economy is natural resource based. Mineral resources are plentiful and the soil is ideal for agriculture.


Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping's birth home museum is located in Paifang village (牌坊村) in Xiexin town (协兴镇). Guang'an is also blessed with beautiful natural scenery including many mountains and gorges designated as parks.

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