concerto grosso

[kuhn-cher-toh groh-soh; It. kawn-cher-taw graws-saw]

Principal orchestral music of the Baroque era, characterized by contrast between a small group of soloists and a larger orchestra. The small group (concertino) usually consisted of two violins and continuo, the instruments of the older trio sonata, though wind instruments were also used. The larger group (ripieno) generally consisted of strings with continuo. Alessandro Stradella (1642–82) wrote the first known concerto grosso circa 1675. Arcangelo Corelli's set of 12 (circa 1680–90), Johann Sebastian Bach's Brandenburg Concertos (circa 1720), and George Frideric Handel's Opus 6 concertos (circa 1740) are the most celebrated examples. From 1750 the concerto grosso was eclipsed by the solo concerto.

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State (pop., 2003 est.: 2,651,335), southwestern Brazil. It covers an area of 348,788 sq mi (903,358 sq km), and its capital is Cuiabá. It is bounded by Bolivia on the southwest and west. Cuiabá was founded in 1719 after gold was discovered nearby. In 1748 Mato Grosso became an independent captaincy, in 1822 a province of the empire, and in 1889 a state of the federal union. One of the few great frontier regions still in existence, it consists of grassland, dense forest, and highland plains, with some areas that remain largely unexplored.

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Grosso is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Turin in the Italian region Piedmont, located about 25 km northwest of Turin. As of 31 December 2004, it had a population of 1,002 and an area of 4.3 km².

Grosso borders the following municipalities: Corio, Mathi, Nole, and Villanova Canavese.

Demographic evolution

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