Grangemouth is a town and former burgh in the council area of Falkirk, Scotland, and formerly in the County of Stirling. It is on the Firth of Forth, 3 miles east of Falkirk. It is twinned with La Porte, Indiana and with Creteil, Paris, France as part of Falkirk District. Grangemouth is currently known for its large petrochemical plant (which includes the oil refinery owned by Ineos), one of the largest in Europe.
Grangemouth was founded by Sir Lawrence Dundas in 1769 and was built in conjunction with the eastern end of the Forth and Clyde Canal. Its original name was Sealock referencing its proximity to where the canal flowed into the Forth. It became prominent due to the canal traffic that passed through. High tariffs at the port of Leith caused much traffic to come to Grangemouth instead. The re-opened canal no longer passes through the old part of Grangemouth, but joins the tidal River Carron, which has been deepened to allow access to the River Forth for canal traffic. The town's current name refers to its position at the mouth of the Grange Burn (or stream) which flows into the River Forth at this point.
During World War II, Inchyra Road was used as a runway, Canadian and Polish citizens were based there. Immediately prior to the outbreak of WWII the runway was an integral part of the Central Scotland Airport.
The Soap Works building which was used to manufacture soap and glycerine, and owned by the Scottish Co-operative Wholesale Society was established in 1897. This was the largest works of its kind in Scotland and employed a considerable number of local people.
The soap works, a local landmark at the end of Wood Street opposite the Old Bus Garage, was demolished in November 2005 to make way for a new Whyte and Mackay blending and bottling plant. The town has new shopping facilities being built in response to its increasing popularity as a commuter town for Edinburgh.
Grangemouth Port is also one of the main ports in the UK with the largest container terminal in Scotland, with 9 million tonnes of cargo handled through the dock facilities each year. There are also links to the inter-modal freight facilities elsewhere in the town which use the town's motorway connections. The town is virtually equidistant between the two largest cities in Scotland - Glasgow and Edinburgh - which has led to a number of motels and hotels being set up to satisfy the demand for convenient but lower cost tourist and business accommodation servicing these popular destinations.
Grangemouth has an international-standard sports stadium and sports centre. Grangemouth Stadium was built for the citizens of Grangemouth, partly- funded by BP. The stadium has been extended to host a 150m running track, physio room, and weight lifting. The stadium is of international-standard, and is used as the National Indoor Sports Stadium. A park is also situated in the centre of the town next to Grangemouth sports complex. Grangemouth Golf Club is actually located in the neighbouring village of Polmont.
Grangemouth was notable for many years for having a three tier school system - the only area in Scotland to do so. (See main article.) This system ended in 1988. The high school is due for a re-build in 2008. There is also a primary school providing Catholic-focused education - Sacred Heart.
Grangemouth also has a wide range of christian churches. 3 Church of Scotland, 2 Catholic Churches, 1 Episcopal Church and several mission type churches within the town.
Church Of Scotland:
Abbotgrange Parish Church (New Union Between Kerse and Dundas Prish Churches) Kirk of the Holy Rood Zetland Parish Church
Christ the King Sacred Heart