(born April 7, 1869, Lansing, Mich., U.S.—died Aug. 6, 1954, Coconut Grove, Fla.) U.S. botanist and agricultural explorer. He studied at Kansas State University of Agriculture. From 1904 to 1928, as head of the section of plant pathology of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, he supervised the introduction of many useful plants into the U.S., including alfalfa, dates, mangoes, horseradish, and bamboos.
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His sons became presidents of various educational institutions. James was president of Oberlin for a quarter of a century. Henry was president of Berea College at Berea, Kentucky. George was president of Kansas State University. Grandison Fairchild, a devout Christian, once jokingly expressed regret that all of his sons had not become full-time ministers. "They all petered out as college presidents," he is reported to have said.