Graian Alps

Graian Alps

[grey-uhn, grahy-n]
The Graian Alps (Italian: Alpi Graie; French: Alpes Grées) are a mountain range in the western part of the Alps. They are located in France (Savoie), Italy (Piedmont and the Aosta Valley), and Switzerland (western Valais). The Col des Montets separates them from the Chablais Alps; the Col Ferret and the Dora Baltea valley separate them from the Pennine Alps; the Col du Mont Cenis separates them from the Cottian Alps; the Arc valley separates them from the Dauphiné Alps.

The Graian Alps can be divided into four groups:

  • the Mont Blanc group (north of the Little St Bernard Pass)
  • the Central group (the watershed between the Little St Bernard Pass and the Col du Mont Cenis)
  • the Western or French group,
  • and the Eastern or Italian group.

The western group contains the Vanoise National Park; the eastern group contains the Gran Paradiso national park.

The French side of the Graian Alps is drained by the river Isère (Tarentaise valley) and its tributary Arc (Maurienne valley), and by the Arve. The Italian side is drained by the rivers Dora Baltea, Orco and Stura di Lanzo, tributaries of the Po.

Peaks

The main peaks of the Graian Alps are:

Mont Blanc group

Name metres feet Name metres feet
Mont Blanc 4,807 15,771 Aiguille du Tacul 3,438 11,280
Mont Maudit 4,471 14,669 Pointe d'Orny 3,274 10,742
Dôme du Goûter 4,331 14,210 Dents du Midi 3,260 10,696
Grandes Jorasses 4,205 13,797 Mont Favre 3,259 10,693
Aiguille Verte 4,127 13,541 Tour Sallière 3,227 10,588
Aiguille de Bionnassay 4,066 13,341 Pointe de Léchaud 3,127 10,260
Dent du Géant 4,013 13,166 Mont Buet 3,109 10,201
Trélatête 3,911 12,832 Mont Ruan 3,078 10,099
Aiguille d'Argentière 3,902 12,802 Pic de Tenneverge 2,982 9,784
Aiguille de Triolet 3,876 12,717 Aiguille du Belvédère (Aigs Rouges) 2,966 9,731
Aiguille du Midi 3,843 12,609 Crammont 2,737 8,980
Tour Noir 3,836 12,586 Pointe des Fours 2,719 8,921
Aiguille des Glaciers 3,834 12,579 Pointe du Colloney 2,692 8,832
Mont Dolent 3,823 12,543 Catogne 2,599 8,527
Aiguille du Chardonnet 3,822 12,540 Mont Joly 2,527 8,291
Aiguille du Dru 3,754 12,316 Brevent 2,525 8,284
Dômes de Miage 3,688 12,100 Pointe de Sales 2,494 8,183
Aiguille du Tour 3,540 11,615 Aiguille de Varan 2,488 8,163
Aiguille du Grépon 3,502 11,489 Mont Chetif 2,343 7,687
Aiguille des Charmoz 3,442 11,293

Central group

Name metres feet Name metres feet
Pointe de Charbonnel 3760 12,336

Grande Aiguille Rousse 3482 11,424
Aiguille de la Grande Sassière 3757 12,325

Granta-Parey 3473 11,395
Uia di Ciamarella 3676 12,061

Roc du Moulinet 3469 11,382
Albaron 3638 11,936

Aiguille Pers 3451 11,323
Pointe de Ronce 3618 11,871

Cima dell' Auille?? 3446 11,306
Levanna 3615 11,860

Pointe de la Galise 3345 10,975
Bec de l'Invergnan 3608 11,838

Pointe de la Traversière 3341 10,962
Tsanteleina 3606 11,831

Ormelune/Pointe d'Archeboc 3283 10,771
Bessanese 3597 11,801

Signal du Mont Iseran 3241 10,634
Croce Rossa 3567 11,703

Grand Assaly 3174 10,413
Punta d'Arnas 3540 11,615

Torre d'Ovarda 3075 10,089
Rochemelon 3537 11,605

Dôme de Val d'Isère 3033 9951
Punta Chalanson 3530 11,582

Uia di Mondrone 2964 9725
Grande Traversière 3495 11,467

Monte Unghiasse 2939 9643
Testa del Rutor 3486 11,438

Monte Civrari 2302 7553

Eastern group

Name metres feet Name metres feet
Gran Paradiso 4061 13,324

Punta Tersiva 3513 11,526
Grivola 3969 13,022

Punta Foura 3410 11,188
Herbetet 3778 12,396

Punta Sengie 3408 11,182
Torre del Gran San Pietro 3692 12,113

Punta Lavina 3308 10,854
Ciarforon 3665 12,025

Rosa dei Banchi 3164 10,381
Roccia Viva 3650 11,976

Becca di Nona 3142 10,309
Becca di Gay 3623 11,887

Punta Pousset 3046 9994
Mont Emilius 3559 11,677

Monte Marzo 2750 9023

Western group

Name metres feet Name metres feet
Grande Casse 3855 12,648

Pointe de la Sana 3436 11,273
Mont Pourri 3788 12,428

Pointe de l'Échelle 3432 11,260
Dent Parrachée 3712 12,179

Pointes de la Gliere 3386 11,109
Grande Motte 3663 12,018

Pointe de Méan Martin 3337 10,949
Dôme de l'Arpont 3599 11,808

Roche Chevrière 3282 10,768
Dôme de Chasseforet 3586 11,765

Pointe de la Rechasse 3223 10,575
Aiguille de Péclet 3566 11,700

Petit Mont Blanc de Pralognan 2685 8809
Aiguille de Polset 3538 11,608

Mont Jouvet 2563 8409

Passes

The main passes of the Graian Alps are shown in the table below. The group in which the pass is located is indicated with "MB" for Mont Blanc group, "C" for Central group, "E" for Eastern group, and "W" for Western group.

name location group type elevation (m/ft)
Col de la Brenva Courmayeur to Chamonix MB snow 4,333 14,217
Col de Triolet Chamonix to Courmayeur MB snow 3,691 12,110
Col d'Argentière Chamonix to Orsières MB snow 3,516 11,536
Col de la Grande Rousse Rhêmes Valley to Valgrisenche C snow 3500 11,483
Col de Talefre Chamonix to Courmayeur MB snow 3,484 11,430
Col de Gebroulaz Modane to Méribel W snow 3470 11,385
Col de Monel Cogne to Locana E snow 3428 11,247
Col de Miage Les Contamines to Courmayeur MB snow 3,376 11,077
Col du Géant Chamonix to Courmayeur MB snow 3,371 11,060
Col du Grand Paradis Ceresole Reale to Valsavarenche E snow 3349 10,988
Col du Charforon Ceresole Reale to Valsavarenche E snow 3331 10,929
Col de Teleccio Cogne to Locana E snow 3326 10,913
Col du Chardonnet Chamonix to Orsières MB snow 3,325 10,909
Col de Lauzon Cogne to the Valsavarenche E bridle path 3301 10,831
Col du Bouquetin Bonneval-sur-Arc to Val d'Isère C snow 3300 10,827
Col de St Grat Valgrisenche to La Thuile C snow 3300 10,827
Col du Tour Chamonix to Orsières MB snow 3,280 10,762
Fenetre de Saleinaz Saleinaz Glacier to Trient Glacier MB snow 3,264 10,709
Col de l'Herbetet Cogne to Valsavarenche E snow 3257 10,686
Col du Collerin Bessans to Balme C snow 3202 10,506
Col du Grand Etret Ceresole Reale to Valsavaranche E snow 3158 10,361
Col de Bassac Rhêmes Valley to Valgrisenche C snow 3153 10,345
Col du Carro Bonneval-sur-Arc to Ceresole Reale C snow 3140 10,302
Col d'Arbole Cogne to Brissogne E snow 3137 10,292
Col de la Goletta Val d'Isère to the Rhêmes Valley C snow 3120 10,237
Col de Rhêmes Val d'Isère to the Rhêmes Valley C snow 3101 10,174
Col de la Grande Casse Pralognan to Termignon W snow 3100 10,171
Col de Sea Bonneval-sur-Arc to Forno Alpi Graie C snow 3083 10,115
Col de l'Autaret Bessans to Usseglio C foot path 3070 10,073
Col de Girard Bonneval-sur-Arc to Forno Alpi Graie C snow 3044 9987
Col Rosset Valsavarenche to the Rhêmes Valley C bridle path 3024 9922
Col d'Arnas Bessans to Balme C snow 3014 9889
Col de la Galise Ceresole Reale to Val d'Isère C snow 2998 9836
Col de Sort Valsavarenche to the Rhêmes Valley E bridle path 2967 9735
Quecees de Tignes Val d'Isère to Termignon W snow 2940 9646
Col della Nouva Cogne to Pont Canavese E bridle path 2933 9623
Col de Breuil Bourg-Saint-Maurice to La Thuile MB snow 2,879 9,446
Col de Garin Aosta to Cogne E foot path 2868 9411
Collarin d'Arnas Balme to Usseglio C snow 2850 9351
Colle della Finestra Rhêmes Valley to the Valgrisenche C foot path 2847 9341
Fenetre de Champorcher Cogne to Champorcher E bridle path 2838 9311
Col Vaudet Sainte-Foy-Tarentaise to the Valgrisenche C foot path 2836 9305
Col de Bardoney Cogne to Pont Canavese E snow 2833 9295
Col de Chaviere Modane to Pralognan W foot path 2806 9206
Col de la Leisse Tignes to Termignon W snow 2780 9121
Col de l'Iseran Bonneval-sur-Arc to Val d'Isère C road 2769 9085
Ghicet di Sea Balme to Forno Alpi Graie C foot path 2735 8973
Col de la Sachette Tignes to Bourg-Saint-Maurice W foot path 2729 8954
Col du Palet Tignes to Moûtiers or Bourg St Maurice W bridle path 2658 8721
Col du Mont Ste Foy to the Valgrisenche C bridle path 2646 8681
Col du Nivolet Ceresole Reale to the Valsavarenche E road 2641 8665
Colle della Crocetta Ceresole Reale to Forno Alpi Graie C bridle path 2636 8649
Col de la Platiere Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne to Moûtiers W bridle path 2600 8531
Col du Mont Tondu Les Contamines to Courmayeur MB snow 2,590 8,498
Col Ferret Courmayeur to Orsières MB bridle path 2,533 8,311
Col de la Vanoise Pralognan to Termignon W bridle path 2527 8291
Col de la Seigne Les Chapieux to Courmayeur MB bridle path 2,512 8,242
Col de Susanfe Champéry to Salvan MB foot path 2,500 8,202
Col du Bonhomme Contamines to Les Chapieux MB bridle path 2,483 8,147
Col de Sageroux Sixt to Champéry MB foot path 2,413 7,917
Col des Encombres Saint-Michel-de-Maurienne to Moûtiers W bridle path 2337 7668
Col d'Anterne Sixt to Servoz MB bridle path 2,263 7,425
Col de Balme Chamonix to the Trient Valley MB bridle path 2,201 7,221
Little St Bernard Pass Aosta to Moûtiers C road 2188 7179
Col de la Madeleine La Chambre to Moûtiers W road 1984 6509
Colle Checrouit Courmayeur to the Lac de Combal MB bridle path 1,960 6,431
Col de Voza Chamonix to Les Contamines MB bridle path 1,675 5,496
Col de la Forclaz (F) Chamonix to Saint-Gervais MB bridle path 1,556 5,105
Col de la Forclaz (CH) Argentière to Martigny MB road 1,520 4,987

See also

References

External links

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