The hill has been the administrative centre of Hong Kong since the early days of British colonial rule, and has remained after the transfer of sovereignty. The Government House, residence of chief executive and colonial governor, and the Central Government Offices (Government Headquarters), occupies large portion of the hill.
St. John's Cathedral of the Hong Kong Sheng Kung Hui, the Anglican Church in Hong Kong, is also on the Government Hill. Adjacent to it is the Court of Final Appeal, inside the Former French Mission Building, with Battery Path leading to Queen's Road Central.
Beside the already crowded central business district, the hill is free from skyscrapers and preserved many century-old trees. Higher up the hill in the south is Hong Kong Zoological and Botanical Gardens.
As of 2006, the Hong Kong Government had finally approved by the Legislative Council to move its headquarters from the Central Government Offices on the hill to a new headquarters complex on the former Tamar site. The future use of Government Hill is not yet decided. It thus arouses much concern from Hong Kong society.