Goulart, João, 1918-76, president of Brazil (1961-64). A rancher and attorney, he served as minister of labor, industry, and commerce (1953-54) and as vice president (1956-61). His succession to the presidency upon the resignation of President Janio Quadros (Aug., 1961) was opposed by the military because of his pro-Communist leanings. He was finally permitted to take office with severely limited powers although a plebiscite in Jan., 1963, gave him full presidential powers. Goulart's administration was beset with economic problems and political opinion polarized as the Communists' influence increased. Goulart was overthrown in a rightist revolution (Apr., 1964); he fled and was given asylum in Uruguay.
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