In the early 60s the song became a continental hit in Latin America performed by the Mexican band Los Teen Tops, and sung in Spanish under the title La Plaga (The Plague). It was recorded in 1959, and it was the first single of the band. It's considered one of the first rock in Spanish hits.
In 1966 the song again became a hit when Mitch Ryder & the Detroit Wheels recorded it in a medley with "Devil With A Blue Dress On", reaching #4 on the Billboard Hot 100. Bruce Springsteen and the E Street Band would make "Detroit Medley" a staple of their concerts' encores in the 1970s and 1980s; one such performance is captured on the 1980 No Nukes album.
Creedence Clearwater Revival recorded "Miss Molly" with slightly changed lyrics. Instead of the result of the gift of a diamond ring being, "When she hugged me and kissed me, made me ting-a-ling-a-ling", John Fogerty sang, "Would you pardon me a kissin' and a ting-a-ling-a-ling" The song was also covered by the Meat Puppets on their album Out My Way.
In the feature film King Ralph, John Goodman's title character played the song as an antithesis to British royal tradition in the plot involving an American citizen who inherits the throne of England.
Was mentioned in the Hannah Montana Episode starring Dolly Parton, and referenced as "Good Golly Miss Dolly"