The Godavari (Marathi language:गोदावरी,Telugu Language:గోదావరి) is a river that runs from western to south India and is considered to be one of big river basins in India. It originates near Trimbak in Nashik District of Maharashtra state in the Republic of India. It flows east through the states of Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh into the Bay of Bengal near Rajahmundry.
The Godavari River is sacred to Hindus and has several pilgrimage centers on its banks.
Although the river arises only 80 kilometres from the Arabian Sea, it flows 1,465 km to empty into the Bay of Bengal. Just above Rajahmundry [Rajahmahendravaram]there is a dam that provides water for irrigation. Below Rajahmundry, the river divides into two streams that widen into a large river delta which has an extensive navigable irrigation-canal system, Dowleswaram Barrage [Dhawaleshwaram]that links the region to the Krishna River delta to the southwest.
The Indrawati, the Wainganga, the Wardha, the Pench, the Kanhan and Penganga rivers, discharge an enormous volume of water into the Godavari system.
The Godavari River has a drainage area of 313,000 km² that includes more than one state. The Manjra river is its major tributary.
The Godavari River has a drainage area of 313,000 km² in seven states- Maharastra, Andhra Pradesh,Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Chattisgarh and Orissa. The major tributaries include Sabari, Indravati, Pranahita and Manjra.
In Andhra Pradesh:
There is also a big dam on the Godavari River built just after the source of the river at Trimbakeshwar. The dam is in the town of Gangapur, which literally means a town on a river. The dam provides drinking water to the residents of Nashik and also supplies water to the thermal power station situated downstream at Eklahara which provides power to the town.
There is another multipurpose project on the Godavari River named "Sriramsagarproject" in Nizamabad District. It is in the town of Pochampad, 60km away from Nizamabad. It irrigates 4 districts of Northern Telangana Region of Andhra Pradesh and supplies power.
Presently there are 3 railway bridges which are connected in between East Godavari and West Godavari districts. 1) HaveLock Bridge (- named after the then Madras Governor-) 2) Rail Cum Road Bridge 3) New Railway bridge
Havelock bridge is started in 1876 and from 19th Century onwards it is helping in transportation between Old Madras state to Culcutta.
The First Godavari Rail Bridge was built in the year 1897, under the supervision of Granville Mills and Er.Walton, British engineers, across the mighty River Godavari connecting East Godavari with West Godavari. Stretching for three kilometres, constructed with stone masonry and steel girders, this bridge served the trains plying between Chennai and Howrah. With the increased traffic in goods and passengers, a rail-cum-road bridge was built a quarter century ago across the downstream of the river.
Since this first rail Bridge outlived its purpose by serving for more than 100 years, train services on this bridge were suspended from the year 1997 with the commissioning of Third Godavari Bridge. Today, the First Godavari Bridge still stands as a monument of human endeavor and skill.
2) Rail Cum Road Bridge
This bridge is constructed to serve the people in both as Railway bridge and also as a Road way between the East Godavari and West Godavari Districts.
3) New Railway Bridge This bridge came into the working condition from the year 1997 onwards. which is built across the Upstream of the river.
The Jayakwadi dam near Paithan is one of the largest earthen dam in India. This dam was built to address the problem of drought in Marathwada region and problem of flood along the bank of river. Two 'left' and 'right' canals provide the irrigation to fertile land up to Nanded district. This dam has major contribution in industrial development of Aurangabad.