Glowaczow, Lower Silesian Voivodeship

Lower Silesian Voivodeship

Lower Silesian Voivodeship (also known as Lower Silesia Province, or by its Polish name of województwo dolnośląskie [] or simply Dolnośląskie) is one of the 16 voivodeships (provinces) into which Poland is currently divided. It lies in south-western Poland, corresponding roughly to the region of Lower Silesia (the northwestern part of the historical and geographical region of Silesia), which passed to Poland from Germany at the end of the Second World War. Its capital and largest city is Wrocław (Breslau), on the middle Odra (Oder) river.

History and geography

The voivodeship was created on January 1, 1999, out of the former Wrocław, Legnica, Wałbrzych and Jelenia Góra Voivodeships, pursuant to the 1998 Local Government Reorganization Act. It covers an area of , and as at 2006 has a total population of 2,884,248, comprising an urban population of 2,047,151 and rural population of 837,097.

Although much of the region is relatively low-lying, as it name implies, it also includes part of the Sudetes mountain range running along the Polish/Czech border. Popular ski resorts in Lower Silesian Voivodeship include Karpacz and Szklarska Poręba in the Karkonosze mountains. The town of Kudowa Zdrój, also in the Sudetes (west of Kłodzko near the Czech border), is a traditional spa town often visited by heart patients. Other important tourist destinations in the voivodeship include the chief city, Wrocław, as well as the towns of Jelenia Góra and Legnica.

Lower Silesian Voivodeship is bordered by Lubusz Voivodeship to the north-west, Greater Poland Voivodeship to the north-east, Opole Voivodeship to the south-east, the Czech Republic to the south, and Germany to the west.

Cities and towns

The voivodeship contains 91 cities and towns. These are listed below in descending order of population (according to official figures for 2006 ): 1. Wrocław (635,280)
2. Wałbrzych (125,773)
3. Legnica (105,485)
4. Jelenia Góra (86,663)
5. Lubin (76,595)
6. Głogów (68,954)
7. Świdnica (60,354)
8. Bolesławiec (40,837)
9. Oleśnica (36,951)
10. Dzierżoniów (34,678)
11. Zgorzelec (32,925)
12. Bielawa (31,219)
13. Oława (30,908)
14. Kłodzko (28,249)
15. Jawor (24,347)
16. Nowa Ruda (24,261)
17. Świebodzice (23,126)
18. Polkowice (22,279)
19. Lubań (22,137)
20. Kamienna Góra (21,440)
21. Bogatynia (19,068)
22. Strzegom (16,782)
23. Boguszów-Gorce (16,687)
24. Złotoryja (16,503)
25. Ząbkowice Śląskie (16,242)
26. Jelcz-Laskowice (15,196)
27. Chojnów (14,389)
28. Brzeg Dolny (12,786)
29. Góra (12,574)
30. Wołów (12,286)
31. Strzelin (12,192)
32. Trzebnica (12,180)
33. Milicz (12,004)
34. Kowary (11,824)
35. Syców (10,712)
36. Bystrzyca Kłodzka (10,638)
37. Kudowa-Zdrój (10,204)
38. Lwówek Śląski (9,687)
39. Pieszyce (9,490)
40. Ziębice (9,234)
41. Środa Śląska (8,800)
42. Oborniki Śląskie (8,426)
43. Chocianów (8,215)
44. Gryfów Śląski (7,128)
45. Szklarska Poręba (7,094)
46. Głuszyca (6,999)
47. Żarów (6,902)
48. Polanica-Zdrój (6,900)
49. Twardogóra (6,866)
50. Sobótka (6,780)
51. Piława Górna (6,779)
52. Żmigród (6,573)
53. Przemków (6,551)
54. Lubawka (6,529)
55. Piechowice (6,494)
56. Stronie Śląskie (6,246)
57. Lądek-Zdrój (6,181)
58. Ścinawa (5,934)
59. Pieńsk (5,799)
60. Szczawno-Zdrój (5,506)
61. Kąty Wrocławskie (5,418)
62. Bolków (5,380)
63. Jaworzyna Śląska (5,240)
64. Szczytna (5,234)
65. Jedlina-Zdrój (5,116)
66. Duszniki-Zdrój (5,113)
67. Bierutów (5,066)
68. Karpacz (5,063)
69. Olszyna (4,786)
70. Leśna (4,752)
71. Świeradów-Zdrój (4,554)
72. Mieroszów (4,515)
73. Zawidów (4,412)
74. Mirsk (4,136)
75. Nowogrodziec (4,055)
76. Wojcieszów (3,940)
77. Siechnice (3,851)
78. Prochowice (3,702)
79. Niemcza (3,121)
80. Węgliniec (3,072)
81. Złoty Stok (2,930)
82. Bardo (2,860)
83. Wąsosz (2,828)
84. Międzylesie (2,776)
85. Radków (2,460)
86. Świerzawa (2,439)
87. Międzybórz (2,356)
88. Wiązów (2,230)
89. Prusice (2,203)
90. Wleń (1,884)
91. Lubomierz (1,818)

Administrative division

Lower Silesian Voivodeship is divided into 29 counties (powiats): 3 city counties and 26 land counties. These are further divided into 169 gminas.

The counties are listed in the following table (ordering within categories is by decreasing population).

English and
Polish names
Area
(km²)
Population
(2006)
Seat Other towns Total
gminas
City counties
Wrocław 293 635,280   1
Legnica 56 105,485   1
Jelenia Góra 109 86,663   1
Land counties
Wałbrzych County
powiat wałbrzyski
514 184,594 Wałbrzych Boguszów-Gorce, Głuszyca, Szczawno-Zdrój, Jedlina-Zdrój, Mieroszów 9
Kłodzko County
powiat kłodzki
1,643 166,447 Kłodzko Nowa Ruda, Bystrzyca Kłodzka, Kudowa-Zdrój, Polanica-Zdrój, Stronie Śląskie, Lądek-Zdrój, Szczytna, Duszniki-Zdrój, Międzylesie, Radków 14
Świdnica County
powiat świdnicki
743 160,337 Świdnica Świebodzice, Strzegom, Żarów, Jaworzyna Śląska 8
Lubin County
powiat lubiński
712 105,582 Lubin Ścinawa 4
Dzierżoniów County
powiat dzierżoniowski
478 104,852 Dzierżoniów Bielawa, Pieszyce, Piława Górna, Niemcza 7
Oleśnica County
powiat oleśnicki
1,049 103,366 Oleśnica Syców, Twardogóra, Bierutów, Międzybórz 8
Wrocław County
powiat wrocławski
1,116 101,913 Wrocław * Sobótka, Kąty Wrocławskie, Siechnice 9
Zgorzelec County
powiat zgorzelecki
838 94,408 Zgorzelec Bogatynia, Pieńsk, Zawidów, Węgliniec 7
Bolesławiec County
powiat bolesławiecki
1,303 88,343 Bolesławiec Nowogrodziec 6
Głogów County
powiat głogowski
443 87,651 Głogów   6
Trzebnica County
powiat trzebnicki
1,026 77,285 Trzebnica Oborniki Śląskie, Żmigród, Prusice 6
Oława County
powiat oławski
524 71,118 Oława Jelcz-Laskowice 4
Ząbkowice Śląskie County
powiat ząbkowicki
801 69,297 Ząbkowice Śląskie Ziębice, Złoty Stok, Bardo 7
Jelenia Góra County
powiat jeleniogórski
628 63,817 Jelenia Góra * Kowary, Szklarska Poręba, Piechowice, Karpacz 9
Polkowice County
powiat polkowicki
780 61,138 Polkowice Chocianów, Przemków 6
Lubań County
powiat lubański
428 57,061 Lubań Olszyna, Leśna, Świeradów-Zdrój 7
Legnica County
powiat legnicki
745 52,995 Legnica * Chojnów, Prochowice 8
Jawor County
powiat jaworski
581 52,058 Jawor Bolków 6
Środa Śląska County
powiat średzki
704 49,208 Środa Śląska   5
Lwówek Śląski County
powiat lwówecki
710 48,144 Lwówek Śląski Gryfów Śląski, Mirsk, Wleń, Lubomierz 5
Wołów County
powiat wołowski
675 47,445 Wołów Brzeg Dolny 3
Kamienna Góra County
powiat kamiennogórski
396 46,470 Kamienna Góra Lubawka 4
Złotoryja County
powiat złotoryjski
575 45,744 Złotoryja Wojcieszów, Świerzawa 6
Strzelin County
powiat strzeliński
622 44,146 Strzelin Wiązów 5
Milicz County
powiat milicki
715 36,845 Milicz   3
Góra County
powiat górowski
738 36,556 Góra Wąsosz 4
* seat not part of the county

Protected areas

Protected areas in Lower Silesian Voivodeship include two National Parks and 12 Landscape Parks. These are listed below.

Most popular surnames in the region

  1. Nowak: 13,217
  2. Kowalski: 9,429
  3. Wójcik: 7,046

See also

External links


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