: pò͘-tē-hì; ), also known as budai mu'ouxi
, shoucao kuileixi
, shoudai kuileixi
, chang-chung hsi
: zhǎngzhōngxì), xiaolong
, or zhihuaxi
is a type of local opera using cloth puppets
that originated during the 17th century in Quanzhou
, in China
province, and has been historically practiced in Quanzhou, Zhongzhou, Chaozhou
, and other parts of southern China. The puppet's head uses wood carved into the shape of a hollow human head, but aside from the head, palms, and feet, which are made of wood, the puppet's torso
and limbs consist entirely of cloth costumes. At the time of the performance, a gloved hand enters the puppet's costume and makes it perform. In previous years the puppets used in this type of performance strongly resembled "cloth sacks," hence the name, which literally means "cloth bag opera."
Glove puppetry performances
Glove puppetry (pò͘-tē-hì) performances, similar to those other types of Chinese opera
, are divided into a first half and a second half show. During the first half, known as the "show platform" (戲台), the audience is shown a demonstration by a master puppeteer on the stage. The second half consists of the puppet master, the orchestra, and the spoken parts. Several key points of a show to be appreciated include: the dexterity of the master puppeteer's manipulation of the puppet, the accompaniment of the orchestra, and the poetic spoken parts of the voice actors
. With few exceptions, from traditional pò͘-tē-hì to modern performances, human vocal music and operatic singing is rarely heard.