Globovisión is a 24-hour television news network in Venezuela. It broadcasts over-the-air in Caracas, Carabobo, and Zulia on UHF channel 33. Globovisión is seen in the rest of Venezuela on cable or satellite (Globovisión has an alliance with DirecTV, where it can be seen on channel 110) and worldwide from their website. Some of Globovisión's programs can be seen in the United States on TV Venezuela, a channel offered in DirecTV's Para Todos package.
On December 1, 1994, Luis Teófilo Núñez, Guillermo Zuloaga, Nelson Mezerhane, and Alberto Federico Ravell, inaugurated Globovisión, channel 33, the first news channel in Venezuela to broadcast over-the-air. Currently, Globovisión is present in Caracas
, and Zulia
. Globovisión's programs are retransmitted in 95% of the nation's cable systems.
Domestically, Globovisión is affiliated with Promar TV, TV Los Llanos, TV Guayana, the Televisora Regional del Táchira, TVS, Televisora de Oriente, Televisora Andina de Mérida, Amavisión, Sol TV, and community stations in Orituco, Macuro, and Santa Elena de Uairén.
Overseas, Globovisión is affiliated with CNN en Español, RCN, Canal A, Canal N, Panamericana Televisión, Canal Sur, Canal 13, Todo Noticias, Monte Carlo Televisión, Canal 4, Canal 8, and Ecuavisa.
Most of the shows seen on Globovisión are national productions. They include:
- Aló Ciudadano - A call-in show hosted by Leopoldo Castillo. This program is also simulcasted on the Circuito Nacional Belfort (CNB) radio network and is co-hosted by Alejandra Otero and journalist Maria Isabel Parraga.
- Tocando Fondo - A talk show, hosted by Carlos Acosta (former co-host of Aló Ciudadano), seen on Saturdays at 8pm.
- Entre Noticias - A weekend news show hosted by Diana Carolina Ruiz.
- Plomovisión - A documentary series hosted by Johnny Ficarella. This program's name originated from an epithet given to the channel by President Hugo Chávez.
- Primera Página - A morning news show hosted by Aymara Lorenzo, José Vicente Antonetti, Roberto Giusti, Julio César Pineda, Rebecca Moreno, and Andreína Gandica. It comes on at 6am on weekdays. José Domingo Blanco and Nathaly Salas Guaithero once hosted this show. It was originally hosted by Julio César Camacho.
- En la Mañana - Another morning news show hosted by William Echeverría.
- Biografías - A documentary series on famous Venezuelan personalities hosted by Mackey Arenas.
- En Vivo - A live news show hosted by Alba Cecilia Mujica.
- Titulares de Mañana - A show which reveals the front pages of tomorrow's newspapers in Venezuela. This show was originally hosted by Orlando Urdaneta. Orlando Urdaneta then changed the program's name to La Hora de Orlando in 2003. After he left Globovisión in 2004, the name was reverted back to "Titulares de Mañana" with Pedro Luis Flores as it's host.
- Noticias Globovisión - The network's main newscast, anchored by Gladys Rodríguez, Juan Eleazar Figallo, Alejandro Marcano Santelli, Alba Cecilia Mujica, and Diana Carolina Ruiz. It has several daily broadcasts.
- Grado 33 – A news documentary series hosted by Norberto Mazza and María Elena Lavaud. This program is very critical of the Chávez government.
- Tremenda Fuente - An afternoon news show hosted by Elizabeth Fuentes.
- 35MM - One of the few non-political shows on Globovisión, it contains the latest news on upcoming Hollywood movies and is hosted by Víctor X. Another show that is similar to this is Faranduleando, which contains celebrity news.
- Es Noticia - A morning news show.
- Alta Densidad - A technology news show hosted by Carlos José Monzón.
- Sin Flash TV - A show, hosted by beauty queen Federica Guzmán, about the currently most popular nightclubs and discothèques in Venezuela.
- Deportes Globovisión - Globovisión's sports show hosted by Aloys Marín.
- Así Cocina Soucy - A cooking and gourmet show hosted by Héctor Soucy.
- Buenas Noches - An evening talk show hosted by Francisco (Kico) Bautista, Carla Angola, and Roland Carreño.
- Yo Prometo - A Sunday news show hosted by Nitu Pérez Osuna.
- Fun Race - A documentary series on 4X4s hosted by Goizeder Azua.
- Los Profesionales - A show where various professionals are interviewed about their careers.
- Así Lo Veo - A news parody show hosted by Luis Chataing. It airs Sunday at 10:30pm and repeats on Monday at 3:30pm.
- Emisión Juvenil de Noticias Globovisión - A just-for-teenagers version of Noticias Globovisión hosted by Jorge Luis Pérez Valery and Luis Anibal Velásquez. It airs Mondays starting at 2:30pm and Tuesday through Friday starting at 2:30pm and 3:30pm. Both guys also host Los Niños en la Calle on Saturdays starting at 5pm.
- La Hora de Orlando – A controversial new show hosted by Orlando Urdaneta.
- ...y Kico - A late night news show hosted by Francisco (Kico) Bautista. The last episode of this show aired on June 7, 2006.
- Marianella y Kico - Predecessor of ...y Kico.
- Debate - A debate show hosted by Lysber Ramos Sol.
- Sin Máscara - A show that claimed to simplify current political events for the viewers. It was seen every Saturday and was hosted by Juan Manuel Mayorca.
- Otra Visión - A news show hosted by Jacqueline Ceballos. It was on every Friday.
- Soluciones - A problem solving show hosted by Macky Arenas. It was on every Wednesday.
- Blanco y Negro - A show hosted by Carlos Blanco and Aristóbulo Istúriz (former Minister of Education). The hosts of this show, Blanco and Istúriz, debated each other and conducted interviews every Thursday.
- Análisis Globovisión - A political analysis program from the mid 1990s.
- Juan Carlos Martínez
- Doricer Alvarado
- Carla Angola
- José Vicente Antonetti
- Macky Arenas
- Adriana Arevalo
- Carlos Batista
- Francisco (Kiko) Bautista
- Janeth Carrasquilla
- Roland Carreño
- Mairim Ofelia Gómez Cañas
- Lorena Casanova
- Leopoldo Castillo
- William Echeverría
- José Miguel Segovia
- Johnny Ficarella
- Jorge Luis Pérez Valery
- Juan Eleazar Figallo
- Erika Fiorucci
- Pedro Luis Flores
- Elizabeth Fuentes
- Marianna Gómez
- Andreína Gandica
- María Laura Garcia
- Roberto Giusti
- Federica Guzmán
- María Elena Lavaud
- Aymara Lorenzo
- Aloys Marín
- Norberto Mazza
- Janeth De Abreu Rodrigues
- Carlos José Monzón
- Jessica Morales
- Rebeca Moreno
- Alba Cecilia Mujica
- Alejandra Otero
- María Isabel Parraga
- Carmen Elisa Pecorelli
- Nitu Perez Osuna
- Julio César Pineda
- María Valentina Portillo
- Gladys Rodríguez
- Lala Romero
- Diana Carolina Ruiz
- Alejandro Marcano Santelli
- Wilmer Solano
- Héctor Soucy
- Verioska Velasco
- Luis Aníbal Velásquez Rosas
- Lisette Villafranca
- Ruth Villalba
- Henry Alvarez
- Víctor X
- José Domingo Guariglia
- Carlos Blanco
- José Domingo Blanco
- Julio César Camacho
- Jacqueline Ceballos
- Isabel González Capriles
- Aristóbulo Istúriz
- Marjorie Martínez
- Juan Manuel Mayorca
- José Francisco Rivera
- Nathaly Salas Guaithero
- Jaime Suárez
- José Toro Hardy
- Orlando Urdaneta
- Fausto Masó
- Paula Quinteros
Criticism and controversies
Globovision has been criticized by many different sectors, in particular Chávez's government, where they accuse this channel of manipulating information, conspiracy, giving air time to the opposition (but not to the government), and racism, to name a few. Globovision, during the de facto
government of Pedro Carmona
, refused to show pro-Chávez demonstrations demanding the resignation of Carmona or the looting that occurred on April 12 and 13, 2002 (in contrast with the international media).
Despite claims that freedom of speech is not respected by the Government, Globovision and other channels (among them RCTV) have been able to broadcast news and comments that, by international standards, could be considered hostile to a Government. Strong negative opinions regarding Chávez and the Government are aired on a daily basis in Globovision. The Washington Post, in an article covering the Chávez government's refusal to renew the license of Radio Caracas Televisión (RCTV), reported that "[f]ree expression is exercised in Venezuela. Another influential television station, Globovision, lambastes the Chávez government frequently ... Globovision is able to broadcast outside of Venezuela, and does so through satellite television. The channel can currently be seen in most Latin American countries as a 24-hour news channel. Nevertheless, Globovision has been the target of violent assaults to their equipment and journalists at various pro-government marches and protests. Additionally, microwave equipment, which allows for live transmissions, has been seized by the Government in the past.
This channel had major coverage of the take over of Plaza Francia in Altamira (a neighborhood in the eastern part of Caracas) by a group of military officers that opposed Chavez. Over the next year, Globovisión would transmit, with great frequency, any news that occurred in this specific plaza. They also had major coverage of the general strike of 2002 and 2003, in which they supported the opposition in pressuring the resignation of Chávez. It is not strange (being a 24-hour news network), that Globovisión reports on these types of events, but many people believe that almost all of the news events that are covered by this channel are almost always negative towards Chavez, when in fact it is the only channel that covers both sides in an objective way as opposed to the channels backed up by the government which never air the negative events that happen in the country
However, people say that the government is abusing freedom of speech and press, especially after periodic inspections of CONATEL (the telecommunications council of Venezuela) and the implementation of the controversial Social Responsibility in Radio and Television Law (Ley Resorte). The Ley Resorte forces channels (in this case Globovision) to mention what type the following program is, that it may contain elements of language, health, sex, and violence, andVenezwhether it can be seen by children and/or adolescents (also, whether the show is of national production). It also forces channels to have more programs aimed at children and adolescents.
On May 29, 2007, President Chávez claimed during a speech that Globovision had been actively encouraging civil unrest in Venezuela, as well as his assassination. His claim on the latter was based on broadcast footage of the attempted murder of Pope John Paul II (which was part of a series of pictures showing RCTV's historical news coverage) in combination with a song titled "Esto no termina aquí" ("This does not end here"). The Venezuelan Government proceeded to file a complaint against Globovision with the Attorney General Office on this matter. Venezuelan students marched in the streets to protest the closure of RCTV and threats to Globovision. Globovision's director, Alberto Ravell, said, "We are not going to change our editorial line that we are not afraid of the threats from this government."
Globovisión has also received direct shutdown threats by Chávez. On June 2, 2007, during a large public congregation of PSUV supporters at which Chávez was the main speaker, Globovisión and other channels received threats of potential shutdown in the future. In his speech, Chávez said that any channel can have its transmission concession withdrawn even before it expires, if it doesn't abide by the country's Constitution or laws.