or Japanese Clouded Apollo Parnassius glacialis
, is a high altitude butterfly found in Japan
, E. China
. It is a member of the Snow Apollo
of the Swallowtail (Papilionidae)
There are fifteen subspecies
. P. glacialis
has been treated as a subspecies of Parnassius stubbendorfi
but this is disproved by Takashi et al.
2001 who show that the subspecies of glacialis
from Korea and Japan may be one species while those from mainland China another.
E. China, Korea, Japan.
Quite common but threatened by urbanisation in some areas.
- Takashi Yagi, Toru Katoh, Anton Chichvarkhin, Tsutomu Shinkawa and Keiichi Omoto,2001 “Molecular phylogeny of butterflies Parnassius glacialis and P. stubbendorfii at various localities in East Asia” Genes Genet. Syst. Vol. 76 229-234
- Nemoto T & Inomata T, 1994 Geographical and individual variations of the genus Parnassius Latreille, 1804: Parnassius stubbendorfii Ménétriès, 1848 8 pp 117-132; col pl 56-63; fig 43-46; stapled series eds: Ohya A & Inomata T;in: Illustrations of selected insects in the world [A, Lepidoptera].
- Takashi Yagi1, Toru Katoh, Anton Chichvarkhin,Tsutomu Shinkawa and Keiichi Omoto Molecular phylogeny of butterflies Parnassius glacialis and P. stubbendorfii at various localities in East Asia