Glacial Apollo

Parnassius glacialis

Glacial Apollo or Japanese Clouded Apollo Parnassius glacialis, is a high altitude butterfly found in Japan, E. China and Korea. It is a member of the Snow Apollo genus Parnassius of the Swallowtail (Papilionidae) family.

Classification

There are fifteen subspecies. P. glacialis has been treated as a subspecies of Parnassius stubbendorfi but this is disproved by Takashi et al. 2001 who show that the subspecies of glacialis from Korea and Japan may be one species while those from mainland China another.

Range

E. China, Korea, Japan.

Status

Quite common but threatened by urbanisation in some areas.

Cited references

  • Takashi Yagi, Toru Katoh, Anton Chichvarkhin, Tsutomu Shinkawa and Keiichi Omoto,2001 “Molecular phylogeny of butterflies Parnassius glacialis and P. stubbendorfii at various localities in East Asia” Genes Genet. Syst. Vol. 76 229-234

Other references

  • Nemoto T & Inomata T, 1994 Geographical and individual variations of the genus Parnassius Latreille, 1804: Parnassius stubbendorfii Ménétriès, 1848 8 pp 117-132; col pl 56-63; fig 43-46; stapled series eds: Ohya A & Inomata T;in: Illustrations of selected insects in the world [A, Lepidoptera].

See also

External links

  • Images
  • Takashi Yagi1, Toru Katoh, Anton Chichvarkhin,Tsutomu Shinkawa and Keiichi Omoto Molecular phylogeny of butterflies Parnassius glacialis and P. stubbendorfii at various localities in East Asia

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