Gláuber began his footballing career with Belo Horizonte-based club Atlético Mineiro before joining Palmeiras in São Paulo, where he saw top-flight football for the first time in 2003. After an eighteen month stint with the Verdão he was transferred in December 2005 to 1. FC Nuremberg on a six-month loan with a buying option for the Bundesliga club.
Despite the fact that Gláuber had been capped for the Selecao once for a friendly against Guatemala the coaching staff at 1. FC Nuremberg were initially doubtful about the centre back's abilities. However, the Brazilian eradicated any doubts after excelling when brought off the bench to replace the injured Andreas Wolf. Gláuber quickly became a starter for the team and has been ever since.
Thus, Nuremberg exercised their right to acquire Gláuber in the summer of 2006. Shortly before the deal was finalized, his Italian ancestry helped him in acquiring Italian citizenship, which means he no longer counted against the team's contingent of non-UEFA-players.