See Lillian Gish's autobiography (1969, repr. 1988); biography by C. Affron (2000).
(born Oct. 14, 1893, Springfield, Ohio, U.S.—died Feb. 27, 1993, New York, N.Y.) U.S. film and theater actress. She acted on Broadway and with touring companies from age five, often with her sister, Dorothy (1898–1968). Their screen careers began when D.W. Griffith featured them in An Unseen Enemy (1912). Lillian won international fame in The Birth of a Nation (1915) and starred as the luminous heroine of other Griffith films such as Broken Blossoms (1919), Way Down East (1920), and Orphans of the Storm (1921). Dorothy was a popular star in light comedies through the 1920s, but her career was overshadowed by her sister's durable fame. After the hits La Bohème and The Scarlet Letter (both 1926), Lillian's film career waned and she returned to the stage in plays such as Uncle Vanya (1930), Hamlet (with John Gielgud, 1936), Life with Father (1940), and The Trip to Bountiful (1953). Returning to the screen, she was acclaimed in The Night of the Hunter (1955), A Wedding (1978), and The Whales of August (1987).
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Gish is the debut album by American alternative rock band The Smashing Pumpkins. Released in 1991, Billy Corgan described Gish as a "very spiritual album." Despite peaking at only number 195 on the Billboard 200 upon its release, Gish is currently certified platinum. As of May 2005, its US sales stand at 1.1 million.
The first mastering of Gish on CD was from Digital Audio Tape and appeared on Caroline Records. In 1994, after the success of follow-up Siamese Dream, the album was given a slight remaster and redesign and was reissued on Virgin Records. Both editions credit Howie Weinberg as mastering engineer.
"I Am One", "Rhinoceros", and "Bury Me" were previously recorded as demos by the band in early 1989. All three songs were re-recorded for Gish. "Daydream" was also recorded during the same sessions. Unlike the other three, the band used the actual demo recording of the song from 1989.
Corgan would later say,
The album is about pain and spiritual ascension. People ask if it's a political album. It's not a political album, it's a personal album. In a weird kind of way, Gish is almost like an instrumental album - it just happens to have singing on it, but the music overpowers the band in a lot of places. I was trying to say a lot of things I couldn't really say in kind of intangible, unspeakable ways, so I was capable of doing that with the music, but I don't think I was capable of doing it with words.
|1991||"Rhinoceros"||Modern Rock Tracks||27|
|1992||"I Am One"||UK Singles Chart||73|