is a village in Wilson Township
, Adair County
, United States
. The population was 100 at the 2000 census. It is part of the Kirksville Micropolitan Statistical Area
Gibbs is located at (40.097231, -92.417234). According to the United States Census Bureau
, the village has a total area of 0.2 square miles
), all of it land.
The town of Gibbs was an outgrowth of the Santa Fe Railroad, established in 1886 when the rail lines passed through southeastern Adair County. It was named for the family on whose land the railroad station was built. At the time of Gibbs' incorporation in 1894, it was anticipated that the town might become the county's main rail shipping point for the Santa Fe. A livestock holding corral was constructed early on, however it appears only the surrounding farms of Wilson Township ever utilized it to any degree. The merchants and businesses of Kirksville, the county's major trading hub, instead chose to use La Plata, on the Macon-Adair County border, as their major shipping and passenger service outlet on the Santa Fe. For the latter years of the 19th century and first decades of the 20th, Gibbs was a thriving community depite the snub from Kirksville. A US Post Office was established in 1887, and several businesses could be found including a barber shop, general merchants, blacksmith, lumberyard, and grain elevator. The Bank Of Gibbs was founded in 1898. However, like so many other rural financial institutions, it fell victim to the Great Depression banking crisis and closed in 1933. For a time at the turn-of-the-century Gibbs could even boast of its own newspaper, one with the unique name of the Gibbs Telegraph
. The community suffered other hard blows when the Santa Fe rail depot was closed in the 1960's and the two-room school was consolidated into the Brashear (Adair County R-2) school system. A 2007 rental dispute between the US Postal Service and the buildings owners has led to the closing, at least temporarily, of the Gibbs post office.
As of the census
of 2000, there were 100 people, 34 households, and 28 families residing in the village. The population density
was 401.2 people per square mile (154.4/km²). There were 42 housing units at an average density of 168.5/sq mi (64.9/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 97.00% White
, and 3.00% from two or more races.
There were 34 households out of which 35.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.8% were married couples living together, 17.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.6% were non-families. 17.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 2.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.94 and the average family size was 3.29.
In the village the population was spread out with 32.0% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 30.0% from 25 to 44, 22.0% from 45 to 64, and 9.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 112.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 112.5 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $23,611, and the median income for a family was $23,889. Males had a median income of $21,250 versus $13,750 for females. The per capita income for the village was $9,368. There were 20.0% of families and 37.1% of the population living below the poverty line, including 70.0% of under eighteens and 44.4% of those over 64.