George Hoyt

George Hoyt

Whipple, George Hoyt, 1878-1976, American pathologist, b. Ashland, N.H., M.D. Johns Hopkins, 1905. He taught at Johns Hopkins (1909-14) and at the Univ. of California (1914-21) and was professor of pathology and dean of the school of medicine and dentistry at the Univ. of Rochester (1921-54). His work included studies of metabolism, blood regeneration, and anemia. For his independent researches on the treatment of pernicious anemia by the use of liver he shared the 1934 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with G. R. Minot and W. P. Murphy.
For 34 years, George Hoyt was known as New England's foremost basketball referee, earning him the moniker "Mr. Basketball". A tireless worker, Hoyt's talents were not merely requested, but demanded. He would often officiate two games a day at both the high school and college level. A champion in developing a uniform set of rule and procedures, Hoyt penned The Theory and Practice of Basketball Officiating, a classic textbook that discussed many officiating distinctions, including the difference between Eastern and Western referees.


George Hoyt was born on August 9, 1883 in Boston, Massachusetts. After years of officiating both high school and college games, he was inducted into the Basketball Hall Of Fame as a referee in 1961. He was a pioneer of the more open style of play that we see in today's basketball, he created rules to discourage defensive holding and to free up offensive players. While serving as Chief of Officials for the Eastern Massachusetts High School Basketball Tournament (which became Honorary Chief Official on retirement), he helped found the New England Interscholastic Basketball Tournament. George Hoyt died on November 11, 1962.

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